Monthly Archives: April 2018

All types of knowledge transfer ultimately converted into the motor knowledge of cerebellar learnography

Knowledge, understanding, application and higher ability are the four main merits of academic performance. These merits are the modifications of motor knowledge acquired during the academic learning of school courses. It is believed that cognitive ability and rational thoughts develop from the classroom teaching of school system. But the ultimate learning of knowledge chapters is high class motor knowledge that will help to achieve excellence in exams or to get a workplace for good earning job. Learning chapters of mathematics, science, technology and literature all are known as the academic knowledge of students and it should be converted to the motor knowledge of cerebellar learnography for high performance.

Chapters are taught in classroom but quality education is evaluated on the basis of questions asked in exams. Listening of teaching performance can’t transform academic knowledge into the cerebellar motor knowledge of our children to face hard questions with the procedural knowledge of space and time. This is main neurological concept that cognitive, emotional, rational and intuitive chapters are processed and stored separately in the cortical and subcortical parts of brain. But these learning chapters must be converted into the smart brainpage of motor knowledge. We have advanced motor systems in our brain such as motor cortex, basal ganglia and cerebellum.

What parts of human brain are significant to the transformation of academic or cognitive knowledge into corresponding motor knowledge?

Knowledge is motorized in the three parts of brain. Motor cortex of frontal lobe is the first part of brain to translate academic knowledge into motor knowledge. The second part is subcortical basal ganglia where procedural motor knowledge is defined by target, space and navigation. Finally it goes to cerebellum for the modulation of enhanced motor knowledge. Use of tools and fire is a great evidence for the advanced cerebellar learnography of human brain.

This cerebellum of brain is connected with the entire central nervous system through millions of connections. It influences all of our cortical functioning and output. This is the part of hind brain and it has a particular influence on motor functions. Cerebellum receives information about our muscles and joint positions. It also deals with propioceptive information, balance or vestibular information as well as vast connections to and from the cerebral cortex of human brain. This makes cerebellum the coordinator and predictor of cortical output. It is responsible for the sort of quality control and constant error correction.

What is the neurological theme of cerebellar learnography for knowledge transfer?

Cerebellum translates relative motor knowledge into corresponding academic or cognitive knowledge to demonstrate the working mechanism of brain. It also helps us to coordinate our thoughts in much the same way it helps us to coordinate our movements. Knowledge of mathematics, science and technology is transformed into motor knowledge during learning process. Knowledge of machine learning also comes from the enhancement of motor knowledge.

In fact, cerebellar learnography helps to decrease the academic period of knowledge transfer. Learning efficiency also improves by the working mechanism of cerebellar learnography. I have watched many international speakers who deliver the lecture by exhibiting body language and hand gesture. It’s amazing that speaker’s lips speak, fingers speak, eyes speak, face reflects emotional translation and neck muscles describe specific ideas during performance. This is a salient evidence that cerebellum circuit translates motor knowledge into related subject matter to show the learnography of the speaker’s thoughts and ideas.

The cerebellum of brain does not initiate movement but contributes to coordination, precision and accurate timing. It receives input from sensory systems of the spinal cord and from other parts of the brain and integrates these inputs to fine-tuned motor activity. In humans, cerebellum plays an important role in motor control and it may also be involved in some cognitive and rational functions such as attention, prediction and language. Emotion is coordinated in regulating fear and pleasure responses but its movement related functions have been well established because of motor knowledge processing.

How can we increase the learning efficiency of knowledge chapters in classroom performance?

Cerebellum is a structure of hind brain that usually contains about half of the brain’s total neurons. Jonathan was born without cerebellum and he was suffering from many learning disorders. This exceedingly rare condition has left him with a distinctive way of speaking and a walk that is slightly awkward. For the first few years of childhood, the learning milestones of motor knowledge were late and his future looked highly uncertain. Standing up, walking, running and talking all physical abilities were not developed at right time. So Jonathan got special education, speech therapy and also physical therapy. His father even decided some training for walk and managed a sort of beach therapy for Jonathan.

He doesn’t really show initiatives in talking behavior and can’t get into the deeper level of conversation. We know that interactive attitude requires cognitive ability that builds strong connection which is necessary for deep enduring friendships. Once Jonathan faced a great problem when he was driving a car. There was a bus behind him, cars whizzing by and his brain simply couldn’t coordinate all the information. So, he totaled his father’s car and got a reminder of this at a busy intersection soon after he got his driver’s license. It is fact that he was lack of cerebellum and motor knowledge was not translated into rational knowledge to handle the critical situations of road traffic and car driving.

A woman in China was also found that she was born with no cerebellum. She apparently started walking late at age of seven years. She walks unsteadily as an adult and has slurred speech. It’s amazing that she is able to walk and talk at all. She is fully oriented and married with a daughter. There was mild intellectual impairment on her behavior but word comprehension was normal and she had a normal sense of time and place.

How can we decrease the total time of whole educational span for our children?

Fast learning is impossible without cerebellar learnography because brainpage making process might retard in the absence of motor translation. Jonathan and this woman both started walking and talking late by five years. It means that learning efficiency depends on cerebellar learnography. We can also reduce the total academic period of complete education by five years if cerebellar learnography is launched successfully in the classroom. In this way, the learning efficiency of students and total period of school and university education can be managed effectively by enhancing the motor knowledge and brainpage theory of knowledge transfer.

Picture : Sagittal section of human brain showing cerebral cortex, thalamus, brainstem and cerebellum

Home : Learnography

Resources :

  • Anatomy of brainstem and cerebellar connections with cerebral cortex
  • Transformation of motor knowledge
  • Knowledge transfer and cerebellar learnography
  • Brain with no cerebellum : Case studies of Jonathan Keleher and Chinese Woman
  • Posterior lateral lobes of cerebellum

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal

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Learnogram of book to brain knowledge transfer runs in the association areas of cerebral cortex

Why do we ask questions? Which part of our brain involves in asking questions? How is quality learning evaluated in school exams? The interrogation of brain mechanism using these words such as where, what, when, how and why is extensively practiced to know the informative details of facts, events and rational knowledge. We find the knowledge aspect of space, object, time, instance and module (SOTIM) from these interrogative words. In fact, SOTIM describes the working mechanism of our brain in classroom learning as well as at working place. We spend a lot of time in our life to know the happening of surroundings using the techniques of interrogation.

Why is question asking important for learning, working and living?

We know that visual memory is the strongest memory of all in comparison to auditory, touch, taste and smell memories. This is the evolutionary cause of brain anatomical structure. Visual image received from the eyes is processed in the primary visual cortex of brain and then projected to its association areas. Dorsal visual stream goes to parietal region to find the space and instance imaging of where and how questions. In the same way, ventral visual stream travels towards temporal region to know the object imaging of what question. It is remarkable to the working mechanism of brain. The questions of what, where and how are generated and processed in the association cortices of our brain.

What part of brain plays a vital role in knowledge transfer to achieve high academic performance in school system?

Association areas are the parts of cerebral cortex that do not belong to the primary cortical regions of brain. They function to produce meaningful perceptual experience of the world, enable us to interact effectively and support abstract thinking and language. Parietal, temporal and occipital lobes are located in the posterior part of cerebral cortex. They integrate sensory projections and information stored in memory. The association complex of frontal lobe is involved in planning actions, movement and abstract thought.

The cerebral cortex of human brain is divided into sensory, motor and association areas. Sensory areas receive sensory inputs from our sense organs and propio-receptors, while motor areas control the movement of body muscles. Association areas are involved with more complex functions such as learning, decision making and complex movements such as writing. Globally, the association areas of brain are organized as the distributed networks of working mechanism.

The 95% area of cerebral cortex is occupied by association cortices, highly convoluted with furrows and ridges. These structures like furrows and ridges are known as sulci and gyri in neuroscience. Each network of association cortex connects to the areas distributed across the widely spaced regions of cerebral cortex. Distinct networks are positioned adjacent to one another yielding a complex series of interwoven networks. The specific organization of association networks constitutes the mechanism of learnogram for interaction, hierarchical relationship, and transfer of projections between networks. In human beings, association networks are particularly important to launch learnogram for learning functions and knowledge transfer.

A question generates the matrix of knowledge chapter in the learning mechanism of human brain.

Question asking is the sensory inputs of human brain and its information is collected in sense organs for processing and understanding. Parts of the cortex that receive sensory inputs from thalamus are called primary sensory areas. Each of the five senses relates to specific groups of brain cells that categorize and integrate sensory information. The sensory areas of cerebral cortex are the areas of brain that receive and process sensory information.

Cerebral cortex is connected to various subcortical structures such as thalamus, amygdala, hippocampus and basal ganglia. Sensory information is routed to cerebral cortex through the nuclei of thalamus. However, the olfactory information of smell projects to olfactory cortex through the olfactory bulb bypassing thalamus. Cerebral cortex is basically composed of three parts such as sensory, motor and association areas.

Primary motor and sensory cortical areas receive inputs from the regions of thalamus where information is projected from sense organs such as eyes, ears or skin. In contrast, association cortex receives its inputs from the nuclei of thalamus that received their inputs from other regions of the cortex. As a result, the inputs to association cortex have been highly processed, modulated and integrated before they are projected to thalamus.

Association cortices include most of the cerebral surface of human brain and are largely responsible for the complex processing of knowledge transfer. The main function of association cortices is referred to cognitive development that reflects the process of learnogram by which we come to know the objects, facts and events of the world. Cognition is the ability to perceive external stimuli or internal motivation, to identify the significance of such stimuli and to plan meaningful responses to them. Association cortices receive and integrate information from a variety of sources by influencing a broad range of cortical and subcortical targets.

Human brain is unique in the development of gyri and sulci in the association areas of cerebral cortex. The association cortex of human brain is main part to produce the learnogram of knowledge transfer in school learnography. In traditional school system, teaching performance is the conventional method of knowledge transfer. Although human brain has well-developed learnogram of association cortex to make smart brainpage in learning process, our children have to rely on the teaching theories of subject chapters for knowledge transfer.

Most of the time is spent on teaching activities in school system and students don’t get time to modulate the essential brainpage of subject matter. Transformation of knowledge is necessary in the learning process of classroom. All types of knowledge such as rational, emotional, cognitive, academic as well as intuitive are finally converted into motor knowledge to write and enhance the brainpage of cerebellar learnography. The translation of motor knowledge is reciprocal in executive functions and it is projected back to emotional, cognitive, academic and intuitive knowledge if found necessary in the learnogram of association areas.

Home : Learnography

Picture : cerebral cortex of human brain showing frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital lobes

Resources :

  • Association areas of cerebral cortex
  • Functions of zeidstream in basal ganglia
  • Matrix and spectrum of knowledge chapter
  • Dorsal and ventral streams of visual cortex
  • SOTIM Factors and Workplace Processing

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal

Cyclozeid of knowledge transfer launched in the basal ganglia of human brain

Knowledge transfer is vital in school system and parents send their children to school for learning, memory and behavioral changes. Knowledge is transferred from book to brain and it is accomplished by the learnography of brain regions. Deep learning is localized to the subcortical parts of brain in which basal ganglia are crucial to the processing of emotional knowledge, cognitive knowledge and motor knowledge. In school education, teaching performance is the dark aspect of learning system in which the working circuits of basal ganglia are never applied in classroom for book to brain knowledge transfer.

Cyclozeid is learning machine and it is launched by subthalamic nucleus and processed in basal ganglia. These three types of knowledge are converged, filtered and refined into the composite zeidgraph of behavioral motor output.

Deep in the forebrain is a group of nuclei that integrates all cortical activities into one behavioral output. These are the basal ganglia of subcortical brain. These deep nuclei are interconnected with each other and with all areas of central nervous system. A series of parallel circuits regulates the different aspects of learning, memory and behaviour.

Three basic loops of basal ganglia :

  • Limbic loop (Emotional knowledge)
  • Cognitive loop (Rational knowledge)
  • Motor loop (Finger knowledge)

One circuit of basal ganglia primarily regulates the emotional aspect of knowledge transfer. Another circuit plays a major role in learning and cognition. Finally, a third circuit is involved in the integration of motor knowledge output.

Learnography of knowledge chapters always reflects the reactance of learning, understanding and memory by the expression of postures, body language and specific tone of voice. The sum of all experiences, hours of practice, memory, emotions, reward seeking and the plan for a particular knowledge transfer are integrated, resulting in motor finger mapping output due to coordinated activity within the basal ganglia of brain. These structures work together to influence the learning, writing and working aspects of human behavior.

In limbic circuit, hippocampus, amygdala and limbic lobe are linked to the caudate nucleus of basal ganglia. Then projection goes to nucleus accumbens and with dopaminergic connections reaches the thalamus of diencephalon through direct and indirect pathways. Here it is analyzed that which zeidstream of projections is facilitated or inhibited in limbic circuit. Thalamus again sends this projection back to the limbic areas of cortex. This circuit adds emotional component to the behavior and learnogram of cortical output from cognitive activities to motor performance.

In cognitive circuit, the afferent nerves from various cortical areas reach the caudate nucleus of basal ganglia and in particular nucleus accumbens which contains reward affirming dopaminergic connections. These connections provide the reward feeling of knowledge transfer following the successful completion of task formatting. From nucleus accumbens and caudate, zeid projections reach the thalamus of diencephalon through direct and indirect pathways. In turn, the thalamus projects zeidstream back to the cortical areas of brain. This circuit of cognitive loop is considered as a consulting service that streamlines cognitive and associative processes by separating the solver of successful transfer from wrong solutions during brainpage making process. In fact, learning from mistakes is conducted in the cognitive loop of basal ganglia.

Examination is the evaluation of motor knowledge. Blackboard performance is the presentation of motor knowledge. In school learnography, the rehearsal of brainpage making process returns the development of motor knowledge.

In motor circuit, afferent nerves from the motor and sensory areas of cerebral cortex reach the putamen of basal ganglia. Here, the zeidstream of finger mapping information is processed for knowledge transfer. All movements that are part of the integrated plan are facilitated through direct pathway and all competing movements are inhibited through indirect pathway. The zeidstream of motor circuit that reaches thalamus is a balanced neural stream of these pathways. Thalamus is the core part of diencephalon and it sends zeid projections back to motor cortex and prefrontal cortex resulting in measured and coordinated behavioral output. This is known as the motor loop of subcortical cyclozeid running in basal ganglia.

Zeidstream is defined as the learning stream of brain. It regulates the neural stream of knowledge transfer running in the limbic, cognitive and motor circuits of basal ganglia.

Limbic circuit links basal ganglia to the subcortical areas of brain that process the emotional activities of brainpage module. Posture, gesture and expression related to different emotions are mediated by the zeidstream of limbic circuit to show the responses of understanding and feeling. We can rationalize the amygdala system of of brain though the practice of brainpage theory. The motor expression of emotions is evident in knowledge transfer.

Training circuit of basal ganglia is needed in the brainpage modulation of knowledge chapters. Cognitive or association loop is particularly important for higher cortical functions and motor learning. There may be different possibilities to learn a chapter in classroom. Rehearsing is a good way to select proper methods for predefined target. So, we have to try out different strategies such as matrix, spectrum, task formator and learning compass for accomplishing the smart brainpage of knowledge transfer.

Once we refine learning by rehearsing our brainpage, the activities in cognitive loop will decrease and motor loop will take over to enhance the quality of knowledge transfer. We know that cognitive loop remains active in the hours of training and rehearsing. Brainpage making process is the training of knowledge transfer to achieve high academic performance in school system. Therefore, the cognitive loop is the training or rehearsing loop of basal ganglia for the development of smart brainpage.

The goal of knowledge transfer is that it would be fluid, efficient and target query oriented while learning and writing solutions in classroom. Motor association and sensory cortices project their input to basal ganglia, essentially asking them to make a decision of whether or not to execute this modulation. Then the plan of brainpage making process is streamlined for better performance. One pathway of basal ganglia can facilitate goal oriented modulation, while another one will suppress all competing movements. This results in the motor output of knowledge transfer that is sleek and appears effortless in learning, understanding and working.

Seven dimensions of learnography are effective in brainpage theory of book to brain knowledge transfer.

The high speed zeidstream of motor loop is active primarily when a task has been well learned together with the association areas of cortex. It helps to put together a routine of chapter learning for established motor output of knowledge transfer. This is the circuit that is active in the students of smart brainpage to perform a well rehearsed fluid chapter.

Putamen and globus pallidus are located underneath the insula of subcortical region. The putamen together with caudate nucleus is called striatum and this is the main input of basal ganglia. Behind these nuclei, the fibers of corona radiata are converged to form internal capsule. There are two additional structures such as substantia nigra and subthalamic nucleus that play an important role in the circuitry of basal ganglia.

Finally, the zeidgraph of basal ganglia is projected to cerebellum to develop the learnographs of cerebellar knowledge transfer and improve the efficiency of learning mechanism.

Substantia nigra is located in the cerebral peduncles of mid-brain. It contains dopaminergic neurons which project to putamen and caudate nucleus to influence motor output. Additionally, dopamine released from substantia nigra facilitates cortical output and feelings of reward. Subthalamic nucleus is located inferior to thalamus laterally. The output rhythm of basal ganglia circuitry is defined by the functions of subthalamic nucleus, related to the functions of cyclozeid.

Basal ganglia collectively describe a group of nuclei in the subcortical region of brain that are located deep beneath the cerebral cortex. The main functional components of basal ganglia are striatum, globus pallidus, ventral pallidum, substantia nigra and subthalamic nucleus. Dorsal striatum contains putamen and caudate nucleus while ventral striatum is formed by nucleus accumbens and olfactory tubercle.

Basal ganglia are specialized in processing information on brainpage modulation and in fine-tuning the activity of brain circuits that determine the best possible response to a given situation. Thus, they play an important role in planning actions that are required to achieve a particular goal, in executing well-practiced habitual actions, and in learning new knowledge in classroom situations.

Home : Learnography

Picture : Corona section of human brain showing lateral ventricles, thalamus, internal capsule and basal ganglia

Resources :

  • Subcortical region of brain and cyclozeid localization
  • Study of basal ganglia – Wikipedia
  • Dr Claudia Krebs : UBC Video, Three major circuits of basal ganglia
  • Role of substantia nigra in learning mechanism
  • Basal ganglia and school learnography

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal

Plant learnography deals with learning mechanism of herbs, shrubs and trees about modification and adaptation

Plants and animals are the two basic kingdoms of living things. Animals show learning behaviour in their surroundings and survive with proper food and shelter. Learning mechanism is found advanced in higher vertebrates and they have specific organ called brain for learning, thinking and working. Plants do not have such specialized part like brain but they also learn about nutrients, pollination, temperature, light and other necessary things in the environment.

We can observe plant succession in barren land or meadow that small grass appears first on the surface of soil during rainy season. Many insects such as ants and grasshoppers make houses in the ecosystem of grassland. After some years, shrubs and trees grow to create the environment of forest ecosystem. Plants know the objects and factors of surroundings to maintain the life processes of growth and multiplication. The learning mechanism of these herbs, shrubs and trees is known as plant learnography.

It is amazing that mango trees in tropical region detect the arrival of spring season and produce the panicles of flowers for pollination and fruits. The tree collects information about the factors of environment to decide more or less flowers on the branches. Plants use this information to update their behaviour in order to survive present and future challenges of their environment. The panicles of flowers reflect beautiful and attractive views to the nature and pleasant fragrance is spread in atmosphere with charming sensations.

Mango trees are intelligent to detect the fear factors of survival. Branches are cut down after fruiting seasons to produce more new buds for next season. They respond very well to the pruning of old branches. Terminal flowers are grown at the tip of a branch, so more branches have the chance of better fruits for the purpose of survival and seed dispersal. Farmers usually encourage the lateral branching of mango trees with tip pruning.

Mango tree is well-known for sweet and tasty fruits, usually yellow color in ripening stage. Mangifera indica is the botanical name of mango plant. It is a tropical evergreen tree characterized by wide, dense crown of leaves, fragrant flowers and large thick-skinned fruits. There are many varieties of mango fruits that are loved and eaten throughout the world for their aromatic sweet taste.

Plants do not have a brain or neuronal network, but reactions within signalling pathways may provide a biochemical basis for learning and memory in addition to computation and problem solving. Once I watched the instance of fear factor in forest ecosystem when I was working in the hilly region. The large part of forest was destroyed by fire during dry season but small part was not touched by the fire. During rainy season, plants produced more and dense deep green branches and other new plants in the large part that was destroyed by the fire. The small part of land which was intact in forest fire had poor vegetation like small grasses and the unhealthy branches of shrubs and trees.

Many plants exhibit certain phenomena at specific times of the day. For example, certain flowers open only in the morning and plants keep track of the time of day with circadian clock. This internal clock is set to solar time every day using sunlight, temperature and other factors, similar to the biological clock of other organisms. Internal clock coupled with the ability to perceive light also allows plants to measure the time of day and so find the season of year.

Plants have many strategies to fight off pests. They can produce different toxins against invaders or they can induce rapid cell death in invading cells to hinder the pests from spreading out. Some plants are capable of rapid movement for survival mechanism. Mimosa plant makes its thin leaves point down at the slightest touch known as Lajjawanti plant in rural areas. Venus flytrap is a carnivorous plant that snaps shut its trap by the touch of insects.

I observed an amazing fact in the plants of mimosa pudica while I was reading in primary level. I touched one plant with a stick several times but it refused to shrink leaves downward after 30 minutes. It shows that the plant can avoid the detection of fear system in repetitive cases. In the Chure Hills of Nepal, cowboys take help from the circadian rhythms of Tapre plant to know the time of early evening on cloudy day. At the time of sunset, the leaves of Tapre begin to shrink down and cowboys know the time to depart with livestock for home.

Senses and responses to the environment are coordinating to adjust plant’s morphology, physiology and phenotype accordingly. Wounded tomatoes are known to produce volatile odour as an alarm signal. Neighbouring tomato plants can detect those signals and prepare for the attack by producing chemicals that defend against insects or attract predators. Other disciplines such as plant physiology, ecology and molecular biology are used to assess this ability. Plants react to chemicals, gravity, light, moisture, infections, temperature, concentrations of oxygen and carbon dioxide, parasite infestation, disease, physical disruption, sound and touch.

Plants are able to register learning and memories from their past experiences. They respond to environmental stimuli by movement and changes in morphology. In addition, plant physiology accurately computes unfavorable circumstances, uses sophisticated analysis of survival factors and takes tightly controlled actions to mitigate and control diverse environmental stressors. Plants are also capable of discriminating positive and negative experiences to face the challenges of adverse effects.

Adult human brain weighs approximately one and half kilograms making up less than 2% of the person’s body weight. Our humanity is defined in the working mechanism of brain. We know that brain is the rider of physical body and it decides everything what we are. The brain is responsible for the generation of language and thought. Anatomical and functional regions of brain are arranged in order to fit into human skull. These regions have become highly folded to accommodate the massive number of neurons and synaptic connections.

It is fact that attention, consciousness, memory and imagination are generated by the anatomical regions of our brain. Its surface is high folded to increase the working areas of gray matter. This results in the creation of gyri or ridges and sulci or furrows. If we were to unfold the entire human brain, it would take up approximately one square meter. Perhaps the most impressive feature of the brain is the amount of synaptic connections formed between neurons. This is the basis of modern school system in which the neuroplasticity of synaptic connections is encouraged to create the learnography of knowledge modulation.

There are estimated 86 billion neurons in the brain. Each of which forms an average of 7000 synaptic connections with other neurons resulting in between 100 and 500 trillion synapses within the brain in an attempt to conceive the enormity of this system. The number of neurons in the human brain has been equated to the number of stars in the galaxy milky-way. Working mechanism of brain is essential to the brain learnography of knowledge chapters. It’s true that the development of smart brainpage is the high success of academic performance. For the advancement of brainpage theory, we have to understand modular structures in the anatomical and functional regions of human brain.

Teaching theories of education

Resources :

  • Flowering season of mango trees
  • Mimosa pudica, Wikipedia
  • Dr Claudia Krebs, UBC – Introduction to central nervous system
  • Plant learning and memory
  • Environmental factors and plant learnography

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal

Learnography is not conventional education but brainpage theory of knowledge transfer

Working mechanism of brain provides us unique ability to understand the advancement of science and technology. Human brain is the organ that is responsible for emotional processing and rational practices. It is basis for thinking, feeling, wanting and perceiving. We have to depend on the neurological functions of brain for learning, memory, curiosity and behavior. Memory is the fundamental aspect of knowledge in learning process and without memory we are capable of nothing but simple reflexes and stereotyped behaviors.

It is important that the mechanism of learning and memory is one of the most intensively studied chapters in the field of neuroscience. It is essential to put the line of demarcation between educational teaching and brain learnography. We have to understand the basic differences between teaching theories and learning mechanism of brain. It is necessary to change the conventional teaching of knowledge transfer in school system.

Transformation of knowledge is the main aspect of knowledge transfer in school system. Object knowledge is transformed into the emotional knowledge of brain. It is processed in the amygdala system of brain and then projected to prefrontal cortex for the processing of rational knowledge. This is the center of high order functions and cognitive development. Big ideas are generated in the rational thinking of facts and events but motor knowledge is productive related to the value and quality of knowledge transfer.

We like to think of great ideas because we have such big brains, humans are exceptional in evolutionary hierarchy. Our billions of neurons are keys to memory, feelings and consciousness. The cerebrum and hippocampus of brain are considered important for declarative memory while cerebellum plays a vital role for finger mapping and procedural memory.

A person speaks with facial expressions and exhibits finger and body gestures to motivate the audience. Finger mapping of the presenter is observed when lecture is delivered in conference hall. The speaker collects ideas and facts on brainpage and speaks to the audience with finger pointing, face and body gestures for effective presentation.

It is remarkable that finger speaks, body speaks and face also speaks while performing the presentation of subject matter. It also happens in classroom when a teacher describes the chapter on blackboard. This is the motor knowledge of learnography known as living and dynamic blackboard effect, LADBE. That is why the final learning of knowledge chapters is the development of LADBE demonstrated by the unconscious operation of brainstem and cerebellum.

How is the brain connected with peripheral receptors and muscles?

The upper limbs of human body have the advanced and complex network of nerves in brachial plexus. The last four cervical spinal nerves such as C5, C6, C7 and C8, and the first thoracic spinal nerve T1 combine to form the brachial plexus of upper limb. This is a tangled array of nerves splitting, combining and recombining to form the nerves that regulate the functions of upper limb and upper back. Although the brachial plexus of nerves supply may appear tangled, it is highly organized and predictable with the precise and productive movement of hand fingers.

It is fact that knowledge transfer is everything in school system and educational performance. We humans have unique ability to interact the world around us using our upper limbs. Precise motor maps created in the brain enable us to move specific muscle groups in discrete ways needed to perform book to brain knowledge transfer in learning process. Sensory information from our fingers also allows us to explore the world through touch and learnography.

In ancient civilization, stone tools were discovered by the hands and fingers of human beings. Our upper limbs are evolved to position our hands in space for use as sensory perception and motor processing. This requires precise muscle movement and precise control over those muscles. To understand the motor processing of knowledge transfer, it is essential to explore the evolution and development of brachial plexus, the nerve bundle that makes this unique human experience possible.

Whatever knowledge we learn in school system or at workplace, it is ultimately transformed into the motor knowledge of learnography. The learnogram of brain receives the inputs of knowledge and its learning comes out as voice interpretation and finger mapping. The behavior of genius activities is distinct in the cerebellar learnography of brain, ultimate learning of science and technology. Learning dimensions of brain should be used to modulate and make smart brainpage in school learnography.

Everything is learnt in brain, so the working mechanism of brain is found effective in knowledge transfer. Classroom performance must be launched on the basis of learning mechanism using the facts and findings of applied neuroscience. Amygdala system of brain becomes rationalized while asking questions. We know that students are given a set of questions in exams to write answers from brainpage. The matrix of knowledge transfer is acquired from the practice of definition spectrum and objective queries.

Home : Learnography

Resources :

  • Brachial plexus and muscle compartments
  • Perception of sensory knowledge
  • Book to brain knowledge transfer
  • Development of motor knowledge
  • Brainstem and cerebellum

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal