Why do we ask questions? Which part of our brain involves in asking questions? How is quality learning evaluated in school exams? The interrogation of brain mechanism using these words such as where, what, when, how and why is extensively practiced to know the informative details of facts, events and rational knowledge. We find the knowledge aspect of space, object, time, instance and module (SOTIM) from these interrogative words. In fact, SOTIM describes the working mechanism of our brain in classroom learning as well as at working place. We spend a lot of time in our life to know the happening of surroundings using the techniques of interrogation.
Why is question asking important for learning, working and living?
We know that visual memory is the strongest memory of all in comparison to auditory, touch, taste and smell memories. This is the evolutionary cause of brain anatomical structure. Visual image received from the eyes is processed in the primary visual cortex of brain and then projected to its association areas. Dorsal visual stream goes to parietal region to find the space and instance imaging of where and how questions. In the same way, ventral visual stream travels towards temporal region to know the object imaging of what question. It is remarkable to the working mechanism of brain. The questions of what, where and how are generated and processed in the association cortices of our brain.
What part of brain plays a vital role in knowledge transfer to achieve high academic performance in school system?
Association areas are the parts of cerebral cortex that do not belong to the primary cortical regions of brain. They function to produce meaningful perceptual experience of the world, enable us to interact effectively and support abstract thinking and language. Parietal, temporal and occipital lobes are located in the posterior part of cerebral cortex. They integrate sensory projections and information stored in memory. The association complex of frontal lobe is involved in planning actions, movement and abstract thought.
The cerebral cortex of human brain is divided into sensory, motor and association areas. Sensory areas receive sensory inputs from our sense organs and propio-receptors, while motor areas control the movement of body muscles. Association areas are involved with more complex functions such as learning, decision making and complex movements such as writing. Globally, the association areas of brain are organized as the distributed networks of working mechanism.
The 95% area of cerebral cortex is occupied by association cortices, highly convoluted with furrows and ridges. These structures like furrows and ridges are known as sulci and gyri in neuroscience. Each network of association cortex connects to the areas distributed across the widely spaced regions of cerebral cortex. Distinct networks are positioned adjacent to one another yielding a complex series of interwoven networks. The specific organization of association networks constitutes the mechanism of learnogram for interaction, hierarchical relationship, and transfer of projections between networks. In human beings, association networks are particularly important to launch learnogram for learning functions and knowledge transfer.
A question generates the matrix of knowledge chapter in the learning mechanism of human brain.
Question asking is the sensory inputs of human brain and its information is collected in sense organs for processing and understanding. Parts of the cortex that receive sensory inputs from thalamus are called primary sensory areas. Each of the five senses relates to specific groups of brain cells that categorize and integrate sensory information. The sensory areas of cerebral cortex are the areas of brain that receive and process sensory information.
Cerebral cortex is connected to various subcortical structures such as thalamus, amygdala, hippocampus and basal ganglia. Sensory information is routed to cerebral cortex through the nuclei of thalamus. However, the olfactory information of smell projects to olfactory cortex through the olfactory bulb bypassing thalamus. Cerebral cortex is basically composed of three parts such as sensory, motor and association areas.
Primary motor and sensory cortical areas receive inputs from the regions of thalamus where information is projected from sense organs such as eyes, ears or skin. In contrast, association cortex receives its inputs from the nuclei of thalamus that received their inputs from other regions of the cortex. As a result, the inputs to association cortex have been highly processed, modulated and integrated before they are projected to thalamus.
Association cortices include most of the cerebral surface of human brain and are largely responsible for the complex processing of knowledge transfer. The main function of association cortices is referred to cognitive development that reflects the process of learnogram by which we come to know the objects, facts and events of the world. Cognition is the ability to perceive external stimuli or internal motivation, to identify the significance of such stimuli and to plan meaningful responses to them. Association cortices receive and integrate information from a variety of sources by influencing a broad range of cortical and subcortical targets.
Human brain is unique in the development of gyri and sulci in the association areas of cerebral cortex. The association cortex of human brain is main part to produce the learnogram of knowledge transfer in school learnography. In traditional school system, teaching performance is the conventional method of knowledge transfer. Although human brain has well-developed learnogram of association cortex to make smart brainpage in learning process, our children have to rely on the teaching theories of subject chapters for knowledge transfer.
Most of the time is spent on teaching activities in school system and students don’t get time to modulate the essential brainpage of subject matter. Transformation of knowledge is necessary in the learning process of classroom. All types of knowledge such as rational, emotional, cognitive, academic as well as intuitive are finally converted into motor knowledge to write and enhance the brainpage of cerebellar learnography. The translation of motor knowledge is reciprocal in executive functions and it is projected back to emotional, cognitive, academic and intuitive knowledge if found necessary in the learnogram of association areas.
Picture : cerebral cortex of human brain showing frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital lobes
- Association areas of cerebral cortex
- Functions of zeidstream in basal ganglia
- Matrix and spectrum of knowledge chapter
- Dorsal and ventral streams of visual cortex
- SOTIM Factors and Workplace Processing
Shiva Narayan Jha
Golden Star Secondary School