Techniques, speed, format and quality of the working brain are very important to achieve success in the learning mechanism of knowledge chapters. We know that learning is the knowledge transfer of subject matter. In school system, teaching performance runs on motivational techniques and high motivation stops the learning functions of amygdala system. Query matrix of knowledge set projects techniques to the prefrontal cortex of brain and speed is attained from the brainpage of definition spectrum. Format is evident in work performance and it is delivered by the application of task formator.
Prefrontal cortex is a part of the brain located at the front of frontal lobe. It is implicated in a variety of complex behaviors including planning and greatly contributes to personality development. Ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) is connected to ventral tegmental area, amygdala, temporal lobe, olfactory system and dorsomedial thalamus to receive input information for cognitive processing.
Amygdala system of brain must be rationalized in the learning process of school system, but it does not happen in the teaching theories of knowledge transfer. Ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) plays a vital role in the rationalization of amygdala system to inhibit harmful activities.
Executive functions, judgment, planning and high order functions are processed in prefrontal cortex. It also sends signals to many different brain regions including temporal lobe, amygdala, lateral hypothalamus, hippocampal formation, cingulate cortex and other regions of the prefrontal cortex. This huge network of connections affords ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) the ability to receive and monitor large amounts of sensory data and to affect and influence the projections of other brain regions, particularly the amygdala.
Amygdala plays a significant role in instigating the emotional reactions associated with anger and violence. With the vmPFC’s outputs to the amygdala, the vmPFC plays a part in preventing such behavior. Evidence has shown that impulsive criminals have decreased activity in prefrontal cortex and increased activity in subcortical areas such as the amygdala.
Brainpage theory of knowledge transfer is significant to increase functional activities in the regions of prefrontal cortex. The imbalance of amygdala with cortical areas can enhance actions that are created by negative emotions and limit the ability of prefrontal cortex to control these harmful emotions. Lower activation in the prefrontal cortex is also correlated with anti-social behavior. The dysfunction of ventromedial prefrontal cortex seems to be caused by lower levels of serotonin release.
How did Henry Molaison lose the ability of memory formation and why did he spend rest of his life in parmanent present tense?
In 1953, Henry Molaison underwent surgical removal of portions of the medial temporal lobes. Anterior hippocampus and surrounding regions were removed in an attempt to cure his epileptic seizures. Following the lobotomy surgery, his cognitive functions were mostly intact but he lost the ability to create new memories for facts and events, a condition known as anterograde amnesia. Such amnesia is typical in disorders that involve hippocampal dysfunction. In Alzheimer disease, hippocampus undergoes massive cell loss which is associated with memory deficits that manifest in early stages of the disease.
Why do London taxi drivers have the large volume of gray matter in posterior hippocampus in comparison to anterior region?
London cab drivers have the large volume of gray matter in posterior hippocampus and less gray matter in anterior hippocampus. It is fact that the knowledge of pathway navigation is related to the survival factors of life according to evolutionary perspective.
London taxi drivers are significantly more knowledgeable about the landmarks of pathway navigation and their spatial relationships. It is required to pass the tests of taxi driving license and so they practice heavily to consolidate the learning and spatial memory of pathways navigational motor knowledge. We know that anterior hippocampus is responsible for emotional, cognitive and associative processing. So, these drivers are observed weak in analytical reasoning, cognitive applications, academic knowledge and rational thoughts.
Stress and depression are associated with a loss of ability to generate new cells in the dentate gyrus. Hippocampus also shows loss of dendritic spines and reduced dendritic branching throughout its anatomical structure. In fact, hippocampal dysfunction is implicated in schizophrenia and associated disorders. It suggests that the hippocampal region of subcortical brain is particularly vulnerable to neuropsychiatric disease. Individuals who survive a hypoxic episode such as temporary deprivation of oxygen in brain often sustain hippocampal damage and anterograde amnesia.
Anterior hippocampus is connected to amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex and is thought to be involved principally in the regulation of emotion and stress. The posterior hippocampus is preferentially connected to the retrosplenial and posterior parietal cortices and is thought to be involved principally in cognitive and spatial processing.
The hippocampus of brain which is located in the medial region of temporal lobe forms the part of limbic system. It is particularly important in regulating emotional responses. Hippocampus is thought to be principally involved in storing long term memories and in making those memories resistant to learning and working. It is also thought to play an important role in spatial processing and pathway navigation.
School shooting is the evidence of education failing in the knowledge transfer of school system. It happens when there is diminished volume of the gray matter particularly in the areas of ventromedial prefrontal cortex and orbitofrontal cortex and so amygdala system of the brain is not rationalized in learning process. It is remarkable that school shooter is a student or former student. We have to change the teaching theories of school system in which amygdala system will be rationalized and students may secure highly developed prefrontal cortex in knowledge transfer.
School 2020 is the brainpage school of learnography. Academic knowledge is changed into emotional knowledge and then it is transformed into motor knowledge of performance. School 2020 is the brainpage school of knowledge transfer in which teaching is not necessary and homework is not required. Everything is finished in classroom. You can find the techniques, speed and format of work performance in the cerebellar learnography of human brain. This is the smart learning of knowledge transfer in which highly developed prefrontal cortex can be obtained during the learning process of classroom situations.
Picture : Sagittal section of human brain showing cerebral cortex, cerebellum, brainstem, hippocampus, uncus, amygdala, fornix, thalamus, hypothalamus and mammillary bodies
- Rationalization of amygdala system
- Incidence of school shooting
- Prefrontal cortex and cognitive development
- Henry Molaison and anterograde amnesia
- London taxi drivers and posterior hippocampus
Shiva Narayan Jha
Golden Star Secondary School