Where is the genius area of theories and discoveries localized in human brain? How do high performing students develop in school ecosystem?
Albert Einstein published the theory of special relativity in 1905, building on many theoretical results and empirical findings obtained by Albert A. Michelson, Hendrik Lorentz and others. He also developed general relativity between 1907 and 1915, and the final form of general relativity was published in 1916. The theory of relativity usually encompasses two interrelated theories developed by Albert Einstein: special relativity and general relativity. Special relativity is applied to all physical phenomena in the absence of gravity. General relativity explains the laws of gravitation and its relation to the other forces of nature.
I was studying the different parts of the insula of human brain to analyze and describe the subject of zeid brain as the central hub of knowledge transfer. Suddenly, I saw the facts of Einstein’s brain on the insular operculum page of Wikipedia. I was amazed that the lateral sulcus in each hemisphere was shortened in the Einstein’s brain. So I started to explore the facts and findings of this genius brain on the different websites. Most of the details are locked up in high ranking websites, some findings are revealed for sharing on Oxford University Press Journal and others are missing such as the part of retrosplenial cortex, located behind the splenium of corpus callosum.
What is the zeid brain of knowledge transfer? It is localized in the insular box of human brain.
Zeid brain is the central hub of learning transfer that lies underneath the insular region of forebrain. The insula is a small region of the cerebral cortex located deep within the lateral sulcus, which is a large fissure that separates the frontal and parietal lobes from the temporal lobe. Insular box comprises many distinct regions such as insular cortex, basal ganglia, thalamus, internal capsule and corona radiata. Insular brain is defined as zeid brain or brain(z) in the brainpage theory of learnography. This is the central hub of learning transfer to modulate the brainpage of knowledge chapters through the working dimensions of student’s brain. Insula provides the first dimension of knowledge transfer which deals with the query matrix of subject matter in question formation and content modulation. The precuneus of parietal lobe projects the seventh dimension of learnography. This is also the source of meta cognition for deep learning transfer. These two brain areas such as insula and precuneus are remarkable and well-developed in Einstein’s brain.
Imagination, intuition and internal visualization
Einstein himself claimed that he thought visually rather than verbally. The internal visualization of imagination also requires the dorsal and ventral streams of visual cortex to explore the space, objects, gravity and time dilation of the universe. The extensive rehearsal of internal visualization might expand the dorsal stream in posterior parietal lobe and dorsomedial temporal lobe, and the ventral stream in inferior temporal lobe. The posterior lateral sulcus of brain is located between parietal lobe and temporal lobe and so this portion of lateral sulcus was truncated in Einstein’s brain because of the massive expansion in dorsal visual stream.
The dorsal stream and ventral stream of visual cortex originate from the primary visual cortex of occipital lobe. V1 visual cortex transmits information to two primary pathways, called the ventral stream and dorsal stream of visualization. The ventral stream begins with primary cortex V1, goes through visual area V2, then through visual area V4, and finally to the inferior temporal cortex. The ventral stream, sometimes called the “What Pathway”, is associated with form pattern recognition and object representation. It is also associated with the storage of long-term memory.
The visual cortex of brain provides the space of imagination where knowledge transfer is visualized in thoughts and processed to make brainpage modules in the association areas of cerebral cortex. The dorsal stream of visual cortex begins with primary cortex V1, goes through visual area V2, then to dorsomedial area (V6) and medial temporal area (V5) and finally to the posterior parietal cortex. The dorsal stream, sometimes called the “Where Pathway” or “How Pathway”, is associated with the motion and representation of object locations. Also it keeps the control of eyes and arms, especially when visual information is used to guide reaching the target of observation.
Why was the Sylvian fissure (lateral sulcus) of Einstein’s brain shortened?
Harvey was the first person who observed Einstein’s brain externally. He reported that Einstein’s brain had no parietal operculum and the lateral sulcus (Sylvian fissure) was also truncated. It means there might be huge growth in posterior parietal region and dorsomedial temporal region to shorten posterior Sylvian fissure.
The insular cortex of brain is divided into two parts such as anterior insular cortex and posterior insular cortex. Anterior insula is larger and posterior insula is smaller in size in which more than a dozen field areas have been identified for specific projections and functions. The cortical area overlying the insula toward the lateral surface of the brain is defined as the operculum of Sylvian fissure. The opercula are formed from the parts of enclosing frontal, temporal and parietal lobes. The insulae are believed to be involved in consciousness and play a role in diverse functions usually linked to emotion or the regulation of body’s homeostasis. These functions include compassion and empathy, perception, motor control, self-awareness, cognitive functioning and interpersonal experience. In relation to these neurological functions, it is also involved in the scientific study of mental disorders to find the real causes in psychopathology.
Corona radiata emerging from internal capsule is the insular radiation of white matter projections. Corpus callosum was found thicker in Einstein’s brain, therefore, insular radiation must be highly developed to connect the different homotopic regions of cerebral cortex with brainstem. We know that temporal lobe is the extension of insular box and the parahippocampal gyrus is located in the medial temporal lobe. In fact, parahippocampal gyrus is important for the brain areas of learning, memory, emotion, passion and drives. The white matter fibers of insular radiation might be heavily projected in posterior superior temporal regions. As a result of higher growth in insular radiation, the posterior portion of Sylvian fissure was truncated in Einstein’s brain to build up extraordinary human intelligence.
Central hub of human learnography is insular brain to make the brainpage modules of learning process for knowledge transfer.
The different areas of insular cortex are heavily connected to the amygdala, hippocampus and cingulate cortex of limbic system. The insular box also contains basal ganglia and thalamus, therefore, insular brain or zeid brain is considered as the central hub of knowledge transfer to modulate brainpage in learning process. In human brain, lateral sulcus is a deep fissure in each hemisphere that separates the frontal and parietal lobes from the temporal lobe. The insular cortex lies deep within the lateral sulcus covered by operculum. The working mechanism of physical body is controlled and regulated by the different parts of brain. It is obvious that individuality is defined in insular brain and described in physical body by the working circuits of human brain. Therefore, the brain science of learning circuits must be focal point to produce high performing students in school ecosystem.
What is the genius area of human brain?
A person may be genius who displays exceptional intellectual ability, creative productivity and universality in originality to a degree that is associated with the achievement of new advances in a domain of knowledge. Everything is learnt in brain and everything is done by brain. This is the brainpage theory of human learnography. An individual becomes genius because of specialized anatomical regions of brain associated with the practice of knowledge transfer and brainpage development that could be applied to create big ideas and new theories, and invent the new discoveries of science and technology for the advancement of human civilization.
Which part of brain makes a person genius in a particular domain of knowledge learnography? How is research drive induced in the working mechanism of brain circuits?
These faculties of learnography are the subject of brainpage theory, knowledge transfer and motor science. The genius area of brain is located in between splenium and parieto-occipital sulcus. Posterior cingulate cortex, retrosplenial cortex and precuneus are found in the genius area of brain. In the right hemisphere of Einstein’s brain, posterior cingulate cortex and precuneus are larger and more developed than that of average brain. Retrosplenial cortex is not clear in the picture, but there is massive growth in lower precuneus region that pushed parieto-occipital sulcus towards visual cortex. In fact, parieto-occipital sulcus is found longer in genius brain than that of average brain. It is vertical and horizontal in Einstein’s brain but it is smaller and slanting in average brain.
Posterior cingulate cortex is the caudal part of cingulate gyrus, located posterior to the anterior cingulate cortex above corpus callosum. This is the upper part of limbic lobe which receives projections from thalamus. The cingulate cortex is made up of an area around the midline of human brain. The surrounding areas of posterior cingulate cortex include retrosplenial cortex and precuneus, and together they constitute the genius area of human brain. Posterior cingulate cortex also forms a central node in the default mode network of brain with medial prefrontal cortex and angular gyrus. Retrosplenial cortex is a cortical area in the brain, located posteriorly. Its anatomical location is immediately behind the splenium of corpus callosum. Precuneus is the portion of superior parietal lobule on the medial surface of each brain-hemisphere. It is located in front of the cuneus, the upper portion of occipital lobe. The precuneus is bounded in front by the marginal branch of cingulate sulcus, at the rear by parieto-occipital sulcus and underneath by subparietal sulcus.
Along with the precuneus, posterior cingulate cortex has been implicated as a neural substrate for attention and awareness. It has dense connections to hippocampal formation, parahippocampal cortex, ventromedial prefrontal cortex and subgenual parts of anterior cingulate cortex. Cerebral blood flow and metabolic rate in posterior cingulate cortex are approximately 40% higher than average across the brain. The high functional connectivity of posterior cingulate cortex signifies extensive intrinsic connectivity networks with the other parts of brain. Retrosplenial cortex is significant to a wide range of cognitive functions including memory formation, navigation, imagining future events and processing scenes. It is particularly responsive to permanent, non-moving environmental landmarks and is also implicated in using them to make spatial judgements and visuo-spatial learnography.
Prefrontal cortex is the workplace of brainpage modules, not the genius area of human brain.
Theory of relativity and mass-energy equivalence were created in the genius area of precuneus, retrosplenial cortex and posterior cingulate cortex. In fact, precuneus is involved with episodic memory, visuo-spatial processing, reflections upon self and the aspects of consciousness. The mental imagery concerning the self has been located in the forward part of the precuneus with posterior areas being involved with episodic memory. Another area has been linked to visuospatial imagery. Precuneus has been suggested to be involved in directing attention in space both when an individual makes movements and when imaging or preparing them. It has been suggested that together with posterior cingulate cortex, the precuneus of parietal lobe is pivotal for visuospatial imagery and conscious information processing.
Albert Einstein received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of photo-electric effect, a pivotal step in the development of quantum theory. Theory of relativity transformed the chapters of theoretical physics and astronomy during the 20th century, superseding 200 years old theory of the mechanics created primarily by Isaac Newton. It introduced the concepts of gravity including space-time as a unified entity of space and time, relativity of simultaneity, kinematics, gravitational time-dilation and its length contraction. In the field of physics, the theory of relativity improved the science of elementary particles and their fundamental interactions, along with ushering in the nuclear age. With the concepts of Einstein’s relativity theories, cosmology and astrophysics predicted the extraordinary astronomical phenomena of the universe such as neutron stars, black holes and gravitational waves.
Brainpage theory of knowledge transfer is mainly based on the visuospatial learnography of the genius area of human brain.
Happiness Classroom ! Book is the transfer source of knowledge and student’s brain is the transfer target of learning. To be high performing students, make brainpage in collaborative classroom by applying the seven dimensions of knowledge transfer. The motor science of knowledge transfer should be launched in the classroom for the learning development and brainpage modules of Autistic or ADHD students. Let the students use motor knowledge to make smart brainpage in the classroom from book to brain direct learning transfer. The cyclozeid of knowledge transfer is rehearsed in the classroom to produce high speed zeidstream in the working mechanism of brain circuits.