Memory of the brain drives our thoughts from the past to the future. If the memory is fully lost, the patient will have to live in the permanent present tense. It has been discovered from the case study of Henry Molaison. We may forget something after two months or two years but we will be able to remember that thing when we see particular location of the place. It means our memory is related to the space defined. We know that memory is the faculty of the brain by which information is encoded, stored and retrieved with space definition when it is required in knowledge transfer.
Students can achieve the ability of high speed learning in brainpage making process. Memory of the brainpage is vital to experiences. This is the retention of information over time for the purpose of influencing future action. If we could not remember past events, we could not make our future and we could not learn any language or develop relationships and personal identity. Therefore, our future will be uncertain in the building course of life without the memory of past events.
Deep inside the medial temporal lobe is the region of brain known as limbic system. This subcortical region is important for emotion, learning and memory which includes hippocampus, amygdala, cingulate gyrus, thalamus, hypothalamus, epithalamus and mammillary body. These brain parts process the knowledge transfer and relevant information for learning and memory.
Why is the hippocampus of human brain important for learning and memory?
The hippocampus of limbic system is also famous for mapping locations in spatially organized environments. Hippocampal networks with prefrontal cortex also map active moments in temporally organized experiences. Space definition and time are integrated in the modulation of memories. The brain pathways for spatial and temporal cognition involve overlapping and interacting systems that converge on the hippocampal region for memory formation.
All of the pieces of information decoded in the various sensory areas of the cortex converge in the hippocampus, which then sends them back where they came from. The hippocampus is a bit like a sorting centre where these new sensations are compared with previously recorded ones. The hippocampus also creates associations among an object’s various properties.
When we remember new facts and objects by repeating them or by employing various mnemonic devices, we are actually passing them through hippocampus several times. The hippocampus keeps strengthening the associations among these new elements until, after a while, it no longer needs to do so. The cortical areas of brain have to associate these various properties itself to reconstruct what we call a memory.
Hippocampus is a very old part of cortex, evolutionarily, and is located in the inner fold of temporal lobe. Information is transferred from short-term memory or working memory to long-term memory through the hippocampus. There are many times when we need to keep some piece of information in our head for just a few seconds. Maybe it is a number that we are carrying over to do a subtraction or a persuasive argument that we are going to make as soon as the other person finishes talking. Either way, we are using our short-term memory.
The region of prefrontal cortex, at the very front of the brain, is highly developed in humans. It is the reason that we have such high, upright foreheads, compared with the receding foreheads of other primates. Hence it is no surprise that the part of the brain that seems most active during one of the most human of activities is located precisely in this prefrontal region that is well developed only in human beings.
Hippocampus, a brain region that plays a key role in learning and short-term memory. It also contains place cells, which encode specific location, direction and pathways. It has been observed that hippocampal neurons may also respond to time which could provide information on the coding of episodic memories.
Space and memory are the building blocks of knowledge transfer. Memory travels in learning space, and so knowledge transfer is conducted with locations and space definition to use motor knowledge in high speed learning and memory formation. The space definition of association is hidden in human memory to navigate through the matrix, spectrum, formatting, segments, compass, module and intuitive ideas of progressive knowledge transfer. In fact, memory travels in space for navigation, exploration and finally learning transfer by applying the motor knowledge of brain circuits.
Golden Star Secondary School