Tag Archives: hippocampus

Amygdala system of brain projects first dimension of knowledge transfer in school performance

Success of academic performance depends upon the efficiency of knowledge transfer held in school system to provide quality learning for students. Subject matter is written in source book and it is transferred to brain through the process of brainpage modulation. Learning drives are needed in classroom to know the subject matter of prescribed chapters. In fact, learning initiative plays a critical role in the knowledge transfer of classroom, triggered by the amygdala system of brain.

Hippocampus of brain is primarily involved in learning and memory, while amygdala is primarily responsible for emotional processing. It is important to knowledge transfer that how sensory information gets to the brain and how motor knowledge can travel to the muscles of body parts for smart learning, precise writing and hard working. Together these two systems allow us to detect and respond to the learning of subject matter. But how do students engage with that knowledge transfer? How do they determine what is important for fast learning?

All types of knowledge transfer ultimately converted into the motor knowledge of cerebellar learnography

These are some basic queries of classroom performance in which learning will be secured and complete in school hours. Student’s activities must be focused to master the subject matter of chapter using the learning dimensions of brain. So, how do they conduct knowledge transfer in classroom situations? These higher cortical functions involve the complex circuits of amygdala system between neurotransmitters and hormones throughout the entire nervous system of learning mechanism. There are two main anatomical substrates of human brain like amygdala and anterior hippocampus that influence the learning process of students for the smart brainpage of knowledge chapters.

Amygdala describes the basic emotions of working mechanism and plays a vital part in the learning of survival factors such as life threats, food aroma, secured shelter, pathways navigation and reproductive drives. This is the core part of limbic system that decides the actions of physical body for the survival aspects of life in the particular field of surroundings. Amygdala, hippocampus, hypothalamus and other accessory nuclei form the amygdala system of brain that deals with the survival functions of life.

Learnogram of book to brain knowledge transfer runs in the association areas of cerebral cortex

Learning mechanism of brain is crucial to facilitate brainpage making process in the modulation of school chapters. Amygdala with anterior hippocampus plays a critical role in the knowledge transfer of school system. Amygdala system of brain deals with the three transfer circuits of cerebral cortex. Sensory cortex is considered as the input processor of knowledge transfer while the output processor of transfer circuit is defined in motor cortex and other frontal regions. Temporal lobe provides the circuit of knowledge processor.

Posterior to central sulcus is the region of input processor and this is also known as sensory inputs of information. Anterior to central sulcus is the region of output processor where higher order cortical function runs to rationalize the transfer of knowledge chapters by applying the modulation of motor knowledge.

The knowledge processor of information is located in temporal region of brain, inferior to lateral sulcus. Amygdala and hippocampus are found in medial temporal lobe and they act as the knowledge processor of learning mechanism. We know that hippocampus is the part of diencephalon and amygdala comes under the limbic system of brain. Temporal knowledge processor is the structure of interpretation and understanding that supports the many higher cortical functions of knowledge transfer.

Why is amygdala encapsulated in the uncus of medial temporal lobe?

Uncus is a hook shaped part located near the front of temporal lobe which is concerned with the senses of smell and taste. This is the anterior hooked extremity of parahippocampal gyrus on the basomedial surface of temporal lobe. The anterior face of uncus corresponds to the olfactory cortex and its ventral surface to entorhinal area. It is remarkable that deep to uncus lies the amygdala which has direct projections from the senses of smell and taste.

Food aroma is perceived by the senses of smell and taste which is vital to the survival of living organisms. First of all, olfactory sense developed during evolution to detect food aroma in the environment. Therefore, amygdala is very old part of the nervous system that regulates vital functions for the survival of life. So, it also plays critical roles in learning mechanism and information processing.

Amoeba is an unicellular animal and it has no sense organs. But it can detect food aroma in the surroundings for feeding. Amoeba eats tiny plants and animals present in pond water where it lives. It takes in food by extending finger like structures called pseudopodia from any part of its body. When a food particle comes near the amoeba, it produces two pseudopodia around the food particle and surrounds it. These pseudopodia then join around food particle and trap it in a food vacuole with a little water. So, the basic functions of amygdala system can be observed also in the feeding process of unicellular amoeba.

In human brain, amygdala is also connected with prefrontal cortex, an area involved with higher intellectual functions and receives sensory inputs from it all the time. But this is not a part of the conscious brain for thinking and reasoning. It does not think through images or situations in logical ways. Instead, amygdala is a part of the limbic system, an evolutionarily highly conserved area that was well developed in animals before man. This is the important part of brain to deal with loss aversion behavior and project an active vigilance for survival mechanism. It also decides zeid marker for learning efficiency and memory consolidation in the successful transfer of knowledge chapters.

Emotional knowledge is developed by the amygdala system of brain to show gesture, reactance and behavior in working and learning. It can be changed into learning force for cognitive learning and brainpage modulation. So, precise motor knowledge helps in the motivational control of knowledge transfer. The amygdala is an almond shaped structure underlying the uncus and located ventrally to corpus striatum in medial part of the temporal lobe. It also projects reciprocal connections to hypothalamus, basal ganglia and the regions of cerebral cortex. It plays important roles in visceral, endocrine and cognitive functions related to motivational behaviour.

Cerebellum is the miniaturized form of cerebrum in the working mechanism of brain. Motor knowledge is produced in the cerebral cortex of cerebrum. While motor knowledge is rehearsed in basal ganglia and precise motor knowledge develops in cerebellar learnography. Teaching is the performance of motor knowledge in which academic knowledge is transformed into motor knowledge by cerebellar learnography. Rational knowledge is embedded into emotional knowledge, then transformed into motor information for proper action. Amygdala system of student’s brain is hijacked in classroom during cerebellar teaching process and high motivation.

Home : Learnography

Picture : Coronal section of human brain showing inferior lateral ventricles, uncus, amygdala, temporal lobe, frontal lobe and anterior lateral ventricles

Resources :

  • Roles of amygdala and anterior hippocampus in learning mechanism
  • Neuroscience of knowledge transfer
  • Knowledge circuits in the cerebral cortex of human brain
  • Three circuits of knowledge transfer
  • Sensory cortex, motor cortex and knowledge cortex

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal

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Cyclozeid of knowledge transfer launched in the basal ganglia of human brain

Knowledge transfer is vital in school system and parents send their children to school for learning, memory and behavioral changes. Knowledge is transferred from book to brain and it is accomplished by the learnography of brain regions. Deep learning is localized to the subcortical parts of brain in which basal ganglia are crucial to the processing of emotional knowledge, cognitive knowledge and motor knowledge. In school education, teaching performance is the dark aspect of learning system in which the working circuits of basal ganglia are never applied in classroom for book to brain knowledge transfer.

Cyclozeid is learning machine and it is launched by subthalamic nucleus and processed in basal ganglia. These three types of knowledge are converged, filtered and refined into the composite zeidgraph of behavioral motor output.

Deep in the forebrain is a group of nuclei that integrates all cortical activities into one behavioral output. These are the basal ganglia of subcortical brain. These deep nuclei are interconnected with each other and with all areas of central nervous system. A series of parallel circuits regulates the different aspects of learning, memory and behaviour.

Three basic loops of basal ganglia :

  • Limbic loop (Emotional knowledge)
  • Cognitive loop (Rational knowledge)
  • Motor loop (Finger knowledge)

One circuit of basal ganglia primarily regulates the emotional aspect of knowledge transfer. Another circuit plays a major role in learning and cognition. Finally, a third circuit is involved in the integration of motor knowledge output.

Learnography of knowledge chapters always reflects the reactance of learning, understanding and memory by the expression of postures, body language and specific tone of voice. The sum of all experiences, hours of practice, memory, emotions, reward seeking and the plan for a particular knowledge transfer are integrated, resulting in motor finger mapping output due to coordinated activity within the basal ganglia of brain. These structures work together to influence the learning, writing and working aspects of human behavior.

In limbic circuit, hippocampus, amygdala and limbic lobe are linked to the caudate nucleus of basal ganglia. Then projection goes to nucleus accumbens and with dopaminergic connections reaches the thalamus of diencephalon through direct and indirect pathways. Here it is analyzed that which zeidstream of projections is facilitated or inhibited in limbic circuit. Thalamus again sends this projection back to the limbic areas of cortex. This circuit adds emotional component to the behavior and learnogram of cortical output from cognitive activities to motor performance.

In cognitive circuit, the afferent nerves from various cortical areas reach the caudate nucleus of basal ganglia and in particular nucleus accumbens which contains reward affirming dopaminergic connections. These connections provide the reward feeling of knowledge transfer following the successful completion of task formatting. From nucleus accumbens and caudate, zeid projections reach the thalamus of diencephalon through direct and indirect pathways. In turn, the thalamus projects zeidstream back to the cortical areas of brain. This circuit of cognitive loop is considered as a consulting service that streamlines cognitive and associative processes by separating the solver of successful transfer from wrong solutions during brainpage making process. In fact, learning from mistakes is conducted in the cognitive loop of basal ganglia.

Examination is the evaluation of motor knowledge. Blackboard performance is the presentation of motor knowledge. In school learnography, the rehearsal of brainpage making process returns the development of motor knowledge.

In motor circuit, afferent nerves from the motor and sensory areas of cerebral cortex reach the putamen of basal ganglia. Here, the zeidstream of finger mapping information is processed for knowledge transfer. All movements that are part of the integrated plan are facilitated through direct pathway and all competing movements are inhibited through indirect pathway. The zeidstream of motor circuit that reaches thalamus is a balanced neural stream of these pathways. Thalamus is the core part of diencephalon and it sends zeid projections back to motor cortex and prefrontal cortex resulting in measured and coordinated behavioral output. This is known as the motor loop of subcortical cyclozeid running in basal ganglia.

Zeidstream is defined as the learning stream of brain. It regulates the neural stream of knowledge transfer running in the limbic, cognitive and motor circuits of basal ganglia.

Limbic circuit links basal ganglia to the subcortical areas of brain that process the emotional activities of brainpage module. Posture, gesture and expression related to different emotions are mediated by the zeidstream of limbic circuit to show the responses of understanding and feeling. We can rationalize the amygdala system of of brain though the practice of brainpage theory. The motor expression of emotions is evident in knowledge transfer.

Training circuit of basal ganglia is needed in the brainpage modulation of knowledge chapters. Cognitive or association loop is particularly important for higher cortical functions and motor learning. There may be different possibilities to learn a chapter in classroom. Rehearsing is a good way to select proper methods for predefined target. So, we have to try out different strategies such as matrix, spectrum, task formator and learning compass for accomplishing the smart brainpage of knowledge transfer.

Once we refine learning by rehearsing our brainpage, the activities in cognitive loop will decrease and motor loop will take over to enhance the quality of knowledge transfer. We know that cognitive loop remains active in the hours of training and rehearsing. Brainpage making process is the training of knowledge transfer to achieve high academic performance in school system. Therefore, the cognitive loop is the training or rehearsing loop of basal ganglia for the development of smart brainpage.

The goal of knowledge transfer is that it would be fluid, efficient and target query oriented while learning and writing solutions in classroom. Motor association and sensory cortices project their input to basal ganglia, essentially asking them to make a decision of whether or not to execute this modulation. Then the plan of brainpage making process is streamlined for better performance. One pathway of basal ganglia can facilitate goal oriented modulation, while another one will suppress all competing movements. This results in the motor output of knowledge transfer that is sleek and appears effortless in learning, understanding and working.

Seven dimensions of learnography are effective in brainpage theory of book to brain knowledge transfer.

The high speed zeidstream of motor loop is active primarily when a task has been well learned together with the association areas of cortex. It helps to put together a routine of chapter learning for established motor output of knowledge transfer. This is the circuit that is active in the students of smart brainpage to perform a well rehearsed fluid chapter.

Putamen and globus pallidus are located underneath the insula of subcortical region. The putamen together with caudate nucleus is called striatum and this is the main input of basal ganglia. Behind these nuclei, the fibers of corona radiata are converged to form internal capsule. There are two additional structures such as substantia nigra and subthalamic nucleus that play an important role in the circuitry of basal ganglia.

Finally, the zeidgraph of basal ganglia is projected to cerebellum to develop the learnographs of cerebellar knowledge transfer and improve the efficiency of learning mechanism.

Substantia nigra is located in the cerebral peduncles of mid-brain. It contains dopaminergic neurons which project to putamen and caudate nucleus to influence motor output. Additionally, dopamine released from substantia nigra facilitates cortical output and feelings of reward. Subthalamic nucleus is located inferior to thalamus laterally. The output rhythm of basal ganglia circuitry is defined by the functions of subthalamic nucleus, related to the functions of cyclozeid.

Basal ganglia collectively describe a group of nuclei in the subcortical region of brain that are located deep beneath the cerebral cortex. The main functional components of basal ganglia are striatum, globus pallidus, ventral pallidum, substantia nigra and subthalamic nucleus. Dorsal striatum contains putamen and caudate nucleus while ventral striatum is formed by nucleus accumbens and olfactory tubercle.

Basal ganglia are specialized in processing information on brainpage modulation and in fine-tuning the activity of brain circuits that determine the best possible response to a given situation. Thus, they play an important role in planning actions that are required to achieve a particular goal, in executing well-practiced habitual actions, and in learning new knowledge in classroom situations.

Home : Learnography

Picture : Corona section of human brain showing lateral ventricles, thalamus, internal capsule and basal ganglia

Resources :

  • Subcortical region of brain and cyclozeid localization
  • Study of basal ganglia – Wikipedia
  • Dr Claudia Krebs : UBC Video, Three major circuits of basal ganglia
  • Role of substantia nigra in learning mechanism
  • Basal ganglia and school learnography

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal

Learning dimensions of brain should be used to modulate and make smart brainpage in school system

School hour is spent mostly on teaching activities and students don’t get time to read, learn and solve the task problems of knowledge chapter in classroom. Student’s learning fully depends on teaching activities and this is the main drawback of school system. Learning potential of student’s brain is never utilized to know and understand the subject matter of knowledge chapters. Obviously, education is focused on teaching performance based school system.

We know that the teacher is always focused in school system for knowledge transfer. In classroom, chapter is described and learning is transferred to students through teaching process. This is known as the indirect learning of school system in which knowledge is transferred from book to teacher and then from the teacher to students. Students emulate the learning of subject matter in task solution by imitating the teacher’s performance. So education is defined as the learning of school system from the imitation of teaching instruction.

Wonderful !!! Teaching is the waste of school hours.

Learnography deals with the brainpage theory of knowledge transfer. Book to brain knowledge transfer is the direct learning of school system. Amygdala gives the first dimension of knowledge transfer and the seventh dimension is regulated by the cerebellum of brain. The learning function of brain shows that temporal lobe is learnographic school of human brain. Dimensions of learning mechanism are found in the temporal lobe of cerebral cortex. Hippocampus, basal ganglia and prefrontal cortex are contributing other dimensions in the brainpage development of learning process.

Learning dimensions of human brain :

  1. Task Matrix
  2. Definition Spectrum
  3. Face Formator
  4. Segment Solver
  5. Learning Compass
  6. Module Builder
  7. Dark Knowledge

In fact, students’ learning runs in education system on only one dimension that is teaching. Students listen to teaching performance in classroom to know the knowledge of subject matter but learning is not finished to apply understanding in problem solving activities. Working mechanism of brain may fail in following the dimension of teaching performance and students will become passive in learning process. It is fact that brain modules take part in the learning mechanism of knowledge chapters. So, school system must run on the learning dimensions of brain to develop the smart brainpage of knowledge chapters in classroom.

Students are given tasks to improve problem solving capacity in learning process. Chapter tasks generate the matrix of knowledge in brain module to explore the learning possibilities of subject matter. Amygdala system of brain generates the dimension of knowledge matrix, the first dimension of learning brain. The second dimension is definition spectrum and it is produced by the prefrontal cortex and visual cortex of brain Eye of brain is prefrontal cortex which deals with logic, planning, decision and execution. Sensory cortex gives the third dimension of formator in which students improve the formatting capabilities of knowledge chapter.

Architecture of technology and its advancement run on the whole-parts axiom of geometry. Segmentation of knowledge chapter undergoes breaking process to develop microsolvers in the segments of learning process. This is the fourth learning dimension of chapter provided by the motor cortex of brain. Hippocampus is the search engine of brain and it regulates learning compass known as the fifth dimension of learning mechanism.

Module builder of knowledge is the sixth learning dimension of brain and it is accomplished by temporal lobe and basal ganglia. Fourth dimension is the breaking dimension of knowledge chapter whereas sixth dimension illustrates the building dimension of learning process. Creativity and innovation are observed in the world of dark knowledge that provides the seventh dimension of intuitive ideas. Ultimate learnography is delivered by the cerebellum, 7th learning dimension of brain.

In total, there are seven learning dimensions of brain and each dimension is generated by a specific brain module. We know that the working mechanism of brain is modular in nature, so brainpage is modulated in knowledge transfer using the learning dimensions of brain-parts.

Miniature School of Classroom

Contribution of father teachers describes that the very high LADBE of working performance is the global learnography of creativity and innovation.

Education is two dimensional school system in which teaching performance is the first dimension of classroom. Student’s learning may be the second dimension of institution. We know that knowledge is learnt in brain modules and finger mapping, so school system must run on the learning dimensions of brain. But our education is running on the two dimensional school system of teaching theories. That is why education is failing in many parts of the world. It has become expensive and the status of learning performance is not satisfactory for working and earning.

Resources :

  • Two dimensional education system
  • Learning dimensions of brain
  • Learning performance based school system
  • Direct learning from book to brain knowledge transfer
  • Brainpage theory of knowledge chapters

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal

Seven dimensions of learnography effective in brainpage theory of book to brain knowledge transfer

Knowledge, understanding, application and higher ability are the four main merits of academic performance. Chapters are taught in classroom but quality education is evaluated on the basis of questions asked in exams. Marks are allocated to the solution of these questions to determine the standard of student’s achievement. In fact, this is the evaluation of brainpage development acquired during the learning process of subject matter. It’s true that classroom performance is never managed for the brainpage development of knowledge, understanding, application and higher ability.

Academic success depends on student’s performance but school system observes educational success in quality teaching. For effective lesson presentation, teachers are making brainpage in classroom during teaching activities and students are watching and listening in passive mode. They will make brainpage at home while doing homework. Teaching is finished successfully in classroom but learning never becomes complete in school hours. School system must see big change in classroom performance and we have to apply the learning mechanism of brain science for the high academic performance of students.

We know that brain learnography is the science of learning mechanism which deals with the modular processing of knowledge chapters to activate the implicit or unconscious learning of subcortical brain. Students may apply learning dimensions to know the chapters of prescribed course. Knowledge is modulated to make smart brainpage in learning process, so high speed solutions could be delivered in problem solving activities. Book to brain knowledge transfer should be encouraged in school system instead of teaching performance. This is real and direct learning, and it will be good to children’s future.

Brainpage theory of learnography is related to the moduation of knowledge chapters that describes the dimensions of learning mechanism for the proper practice of knowledge, understanding, application and higher ability.

What are the seven dimensions of brain learnography?

  1. Task Matrix
  2. Definition Spectrum
  3. Face Formator
  4. Segment Solver
  5. Learning Compass
  6. Module Builder
  7. Dark Knowledge

In short, we can say that matrix, spectrum, formator, segment, compass, module and intuition are the seven dimensions of brainpage learnography. Matrix is the first dimension of knowledge chapter defining in the rows and columns of learning space for the queries of structural and functional objects. On the basis of learning dimensions, we can classify the brain learnography of knowledge chapters.

Classification of School Learnography

  1. Associative Learnography
  2. Declarative Learnography
  3. Input Learnography
  4. Output Learnography
  5. Search Learnography
  6. Implicit Learnography
  7. Procedural Learnography

Classes of learnography are based on the learning mechanism of human brain. Later learning mechanism of classroom is changed to the working mechanism of workplace. We know that neuroscience deals with the anatomical structure, neurological localization and physiological functions of brain parts. Learning modules of brain play vital role in the brainpage development of knowledge chapters. So, the orientation of  school system must be based on the anatomy and physiology of brain mechanism.

Learning Parts of Brain Mechanism

  1. Amygdala system
  2. Prefrontal and visual cortex
  3. Sensory cortex
  4. Motor cortex
  5. Hippocampus
  6. Basal Ganglia
  7. Cerebellum

Students are advised to finish learning on the paper through reading and writing practice. But it is finished actually in brain parts. The working mechanism of physical body is controlled by the different parts of brain. Therefore, brain science must be focal point to provide quality education in school system. Practice and learning must be done for the modulation of brain parts such as amygdala system, prefrontal and visual cortex, sensory cortex, motor cortex, hippocampus, basal ganglia and cerebellum. The development of these learning parts will be proved as the fundamental achievement of knowledge chapters.

It is obvious that the seven dimensions of school learnography are applied in book to brain knowledge transfer to make smart brainpage in classroom. Matrix and spectrum are the first and second dimensions of learnography to develop the standard of knowledge quality. Formator is the third dimension of learning mechanism dealing with the improvement of understanding abilities.

Fourth dimension is segment that improves the capacity of learning skill and knowledge application. It is useful in making the exact statements of solution. Compass is the fifth dimension known as the search engine of learning mechanism. It helps to explore the objects, facts and events of subject matter. Higher abilities of learning mechanism are acquired by using module, the sixth dimension of brain learnography. Seventh dimension is intuition which deals with the creativity, innovation and advanced intuitive ideas of dark knowledge. This is the procedural learnography of cerebellum, the ultimate learning of knowledge chapters.

Picture and Studies : Wikipedia

Resources :

  • Study of subcortical brain
  • Learning operation of basal ganglia
  • Learning mechanism of brain
  • Neural circuits of amygdala
  • Hippocampal navigation

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal

Students become Henry Molaison during high motivation and teaching performance

Skill, knowledge and merit are the integral parts of student’s life. Children go to school for the learning of subject matter and it is acquired from the teaching performance of prescribed courses. School education is providing the system of conventional learning in which lessons are taught in classroom for the easy understanding of subject matter. The teacher becomes active in blackboard presentation and students remain passive in listening process. This is the theory of comfortable learning in which students are found dependent on teachers for the hardships and challenges of learning process.

Classroom performance is the main aspect of education system and its achievement depends mainly on teaching techniques and chapter presentations. High motivation runs in classroom and student’s amygdala is hijacked during teaching process. Hippocampus of brain becomes paralyzed in high class teaching in which navigation of the learning space is not required to explore the objects, definition and functions of subject matter. Our children are learning in school education with non-functional amygdala and hippocampus like Henry Molaison who had inability to learn new knowledge and make declarative long-term memory. Learning initiative was completely lost and he never showed even conversational initiatives.

How do kids receive the smart modulation of learning mechanism from the amygdala system of brain?

How do they achieve the high regulation of knowledge chapter from the hippocampal compass of brain mechanism?

Neurosurgeon Scoville localized Molaison’s epilepsy to his left and right medial temporal lobes and suggested surgical resection as treatment for the seizures of epilepsy. On September 1, 1953, at the age of 27, Molaison’s bilateral medial temporal lobes were resected in which hippocampal formation and adjacent structures were removed including most of the amygdaloid complex and entorhinal cortex.

His hippocampus appeared entirely non-functional because entire entorhinal cortex was destroyed which forms the major sensory inputs to hippocampus. Some of his anterolateral temporal cortex was also destroyed in that resection.

Molaison’s brain surgery was successful in controlling the seizures of his epilepsy. But he lost the ability of learning mechanism and long-term memory formation.

Although his working memory and procedural memory were intact, he was suffering from severe anterograde amnesia and partially retrograde amnesia. It means he was impaired in his ability to form new semantic knowledge or remember past events a few years before surgery. Molaison’s life became the most intensively studied subject in medical history for the new theories of learning mechanism and memory consolidation.

Learnography is the brainpage theory of learning mechanism based on the amygdala system of brain. I’m working on the learnography of knowledge chapters in which the modulation of brainpage processing has been explained for high speed school learning. I have designed brainpage theory for the academic performance of school system. We must allow our children to express learning initiatives in classroom.

Book to brain knowledge transfer is the brainpage theory of subject matter. This is known as the direct learning of school system in which teaching performance is not necessary and homework is not required. Everything is finished in school hours. Book to brain learning is launched in object language but learning from teaching is done in human language. We must know that knowledge is always created in object language but expressed in human language.

Neuroscience provides the facts and findings of learning mechanism obtained from the study and research of mental or behavioral disorders. Learnography is the subject of applied neuroscience that I have used to develop school system and educational performance. The system of direct school is not very hard and it can be applied comfortably instead of teaching. Subject teacher acts as a chapter moderator to help students in brainpage making process. Smart brainpage of knowledge chapters can transform students into the small teachers of classroom. This is the most fascinating topic of brain learnography.

Book to brain learning is encouraged in the system of direct school and high speed learning is achieved in brainpage making process. Mathematics is a difficult subject for many students, but it becomes comfortable and very easy subject in the modulation of intuitive knowledge.

Teaching is everything in school system. Many projects have been launched to provide improved classroom for quality education, but these attempts are based on the teaching theory of school system. The learning mechanism of neuroscience was never applied to design the architecture of modern school system.

The teacher may be proved as the best task moderator of classroom performance when the learning mechanism of brain is applied in school system. Teaching is the waste of school hours, so new scientific system of schooling should be launched in classroom instead of listening to the teaching.

High class teaching mechanism is not necessary in school system because amygdala is hijacked and hippocampus is blocked in the learning process of classroom. We must learn a great lesson from the contributions of Molaison’s life that amygdala and hippocampus play a significant role in the development of smart brainpage. We know that the temporal lobe of cerebral cortex is the powerhouse of school learnography. In fact, amygdala is the modulator of learning mechanism and hippocampus is the regulator of knowledge chapters.

Picture : Henry Molaison

Resources :

  • Hippocampal Compass of Learning Localization
  • Henry Molaison – Wikipedia
  • Modular Learning of Amygdala System
  • Adverse Effects of Teaching Theories
  • Role of Learning Initiatives

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal

A great contribution in brain learnography from Henry Molaison

Driving force of life comes from the fear and reward systems of amygdala. But hippocampus acts as a search engine for the working mechanism of brain. Zeid markers are produced by the amygdala system of brain to identify the pattern of informative objects for long term potentiation.

This is the part of limbic system, an evolutionarily highly conserved area that was well developed in animals before man, and is part of an active vigilance for survival mechanism. There are three phases of brain learnography – working, learning and building. So school learnography has also three phases like working phase, learning phase and building phase to make complete brainpage of knowledge chapter.

Working is the practice of chapter tasks and learning is the brainpage making process of knowledge chapter. While building is the formation of design and objects to describe the structure and function of subject matter.

Sensory input system of cerebral cortex is the processor of stimulus and information. Prefrontal cortex is the moderator of facts, ideas and thoughts. But amygdala system of brain is the modulator of working, learning and building. It is connected with prefrontal cortex, an area involved with our highest intellectual properties, receives sensory inputs from it all the time.

Deep learning is acquired from the hippocampal phase of brain. It extracts knowledge from the temporal region of brain and amygdala takes part in the processing of modular learning.

Henry Gustav Molaison (February 26, 1926 – December 2, 2008) was widely known as HM in the study of behavioral neuroscience. He was an American memory disorder patient who had a bilateral medial temporal lobectomy. The anterior two thirds of his hippocampus, parahippocampal cortices, entorhinal cortices, piriform cortices and amygdalae were surgically resected in an attempt to cure the seizures of his epilepsy. He was widely studied from late 1957 until his death in 2008.

Henry Molaison (HM) was famous in neuroscience for the study of knowledge he provided about memory impairment and amnesia. He was not a neuroscientist but a patient who contributed in the study of learning mechanism and memory formation.

It was thought that his exact brain surgery allowed a good understanding of how particular areas of brain may be linked to learning process and memory formation. The process of managing memory in brain mechanism was hypothesized previously but it was not verified by the findings of Molaison’s memory loss and learning disabilities. In this way, his case was taken to provide information about brain pathology and helped to form the theories of normal memory function.

His case played an important role in the development of theories that explain the link between brain function and memory. Cognitive neuropsychology is a branch of psychology that aims to understand how the structure and function of human brain relate to specific psychological processes. He resided in a care institute in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, where he was the subject of ongoing investigation to develop the modern theories of cognitive science.

His apparent ability was observed to complete tasks that require the recall of information from short-term memory and procedural memory. But long-term episodic memory was not found to mediate the recall from these memory systems, at least in part by the different areas of brain.

Similarly, his ability to recall long-term memories that existed well before his surgery was intact. But new long-term memory was not possible. Molaison’s inability suggests that encoding and retrieval of long-term memory information may also be mediated by the distinct systems of amygdala, entorhinal cortex and hippocampus.

The imaging of Molaison’s brain in the late 1990s revealed that the extent of damage was more widespread than previous theories had accounted for anterograde and retrograde amnesia. It was making very hard to identify any one particular region or even isolated set of regions that were responsible for his deficits and inability.

Study of Molaison’s living and working revolutionized understanding for the organization of human memory and working mechanism. It has provided broad evidence for the rejection of old theories and the formation of new theories on human memory and learning spectrum. The major insights of modern theory were outlined for learning mechanism and memory formation, in particular about its processes and underlying neural structures (Kolb & Whishaw 1996).

These findings suggest revisiting raw data from behavioral testing. A discrete lesion was discovered in the pre-frontal cortex that was never suspected. The 3D virtual model of the brain allowed the dynamics of the surgery to be reconstructed, and found that the brain damage above the left orbit could have been created by Dr. Scoville when he lifted the frontal lobe to reach into the medial temporal lobes.

We know that the hippocampus and amygdala of brain play a significant role in cognitive improvement. The researchers observed the living, thinking and learning of Molaison’s brain for behavioral neuroscience.

The study of brain parts described the general neuropathological state of brain via multiple imaging modalities. Molaison was living in the care center and he died when he was 82 years old. His brain had aged considerably and showed several pathological features which were severe to his cognitive decline.

After the death of Henry Molaison, his brain was fixed and preserved for further study. On December 4, 2009, Annese’s group acquired 2401 brain slices with only two damaged slices and 16 potentially problematic slices. The digital 3D reconstruction of his brain was finished at the beginning of 2014. It opened the new frontier of neuroscience which could help in finding the facts of learning mechanism and the memory formation of brain.

Results of the pathological study were published in Nature Communications for January 2014. It was a great surprise, the researchers found that the half of Molaison’s hippocampus had survived the 1953 brain surgery.

Remaining part of hippocampus had deep implications on past and future interpretations of Molaison’s neurobehavioral profile. The previous literature of findings was not true which described Henry Molaison as a pure hippocampus lesion patient.

Molaison’s brain was the subject of an unprecedented anatomical study funded by the Dana Foundation and the National Science Foundation. The project of Brain Observatory at UC San Diego headed by Jacopo Annese provided a complete microscopic survey of entire brain. It has revealed the neurological basis of Molaison’s historical memory impairment at cellular resolution.

School system is based on cognitive learning and its center is the prefrontal cortex of brain. After brain surgery, Molaison faced cognitive decline and memory impairment in his life. Some of the past events were lost and future was never experienced. He was showing permanent present tense in his regular life.

Learnography is the science of learning mechanism which deals with the modulation of knowledge chapters. So the contribution of Molaison’s living gave knowledge and evidence to show the significance of amygdala and hippocampus in learning activities, memory recall and brainpage making process.

Picture : Henry Molaison

Resources :

  • School Learnography
  • Wikipedia
  • Brainpage development in school system
  • Structure and function of brain mechanism

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal

Students need skills of learning mechanism while training is not essential for teachers in learnography

The true picture of a teacher is the task moderator of classroom. They must be qualified in subject matter and will be able to moderate the learning segments of knowledge chapter.

The teacher knows how to develop smart brainpage and other materials for the learning activities of classroom performance.

Teaching is not necessary in learnography, so teacher training is not required. Much time is spent on motivation but learning potential doesn’t improve to work out the solution of tasks.

Skill development is necessary for students how to launch the brain modulation of knowledge chapters for learning, writing and understanding.

Advanced training is given to teachers for classroom performance but they are found weak in task moderation to help students in the modular learning of prescribed courses.

Educational degree and high class training of teachers are useless to develop smart brainpage for academic studies and performance.

In fact, we are spending huge amount of money on teachers’ training. We have to focus on brain learnography for the proper learning of subject matter and students will be able to bring positive changes in thought, behavior and working.

The learning process requires concentration and repetition in imaging, thinking and mapping. While functional brainpage is once acquired, solver skill runs smoothly, efficiently and almost thoughtlessly.

Learning skill is the acquisition of formatting motor patterns for autonomous studies and confidence building. In this way, learning brain will be motivated automatically to solve the problem of mathematics, science and literature.

The training of school learnography must be provided for students to be the active small teachers of classroom. They will be skilled how to learn chapter from source book as teachers do before classroom presentation.

We must differentiate that school learnography is the theory of big teacher and small teachers. This is very old system of human civilization to transfer skill and knowledge from one generation to another known as Taxshila Design School System.

In the beginning of learning process, brainpage making activities are found slow to acquire skill, knowledge and understanding. Students should not be pressurized to learn fast and make no mistakes.

Intense concentration is required in brainpage making process and fear system may harm learning success. The fear of classroom learning creates distraction in the amygdala system of brain and students will go on truancy to escape from painful classroom control.

After three weeks, the amygdala system of subcortical brain will be ready for brainpage making process.

Knowledge is written in the modules of object language, so brainpage modulation will be initialized to launch the spectrum and formator of knowledge chapter for working, learning and understanding.

School of learnography takes at least three years to modulate brain mechanism for the advancement of smart brainpage by bringing positive changes in attitude, attention and achievement.

The learning mechanism of students becomes very fast for the transfer of subject matter using book to brain theory.

How does number learnography differ from object learnography?

Mathematics is the science of number learnography which deals with the intuitive ideas of numerical patterns and the arithmetic operators of differential calculation.

It is easy to forget numbers but the memory of object definition and pattern like word and phrase can be remembered for long time. Priming effect of brain learnography is illustrated in the learning of numerical derivatives and the face factor of objective functions.

High class teaching is the first priority of school system, but high class chapter learning should be prioritized.

We do not care of learning skill needed to understand the subject matter of chapter. This is the skill of learnography to apply the dimensions of learning mechanism in thinking, processing and writing.

Training is not essential for teachers in learnography but students are trained in learning mechanism to apply the matrix, spectrum, formator, solver, compass and module of knowledge chapters.

After three months, brain modulation gradually becomes smooth and effortless. In the initial stage when matrix and spectrum are awkward, students have to focus on the uploading and downloading of knowledge chapters, especially on sourcepage, brainpage and zeidpage.

At the final stage, students can feel they don’t have to think at all for cognitive practices like implicit memory. Learning hardships will disappear from subject matter and mathematics will be an easy subject on the desks of classroom.

In this way, brain energy is properly utilized in the school of learnography and children can secure the operation of smart brainpage in learning process.

Spatial skill is crucial in using knowledge compass to locate specific definition and function for the application of object language.

We know that hippocampus is the search engine of brain and it also acts as a learning compass in brain learnography. It helps in exploring the subject matter of knowledge chapters for better understanding and learning.

We have to study the learning mechanisms of brain underlying motor skills. We can call it the finger mapping of knowledge chapters.

Finger learning is more important than the rational learning of cognitive science to make smart brainpage. That is why we have to study the motor organization of brain and spinal cord for the successful design of school system.

Brain science of learnography believes in the hard practice of predefined system rather than natural ability. Evolution is significant to acquisition of natural ability in which brain becomes capable of finishing difficult work on time.

The quality of education is still a matter of great concern when attendance rate, number of skilled moderators in the system, availability of equipment and development of brainpage modulation are evaluated. Problem of truancy may be resolved in learnography dealing with the amygdala system of brain.

Training of school learnography is given to students to be active small teachers of classroom system. Brain science is applied in school system to learn knowledge chapter instead of teaching performance.


Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal