Tag Archives: knowledge

Facts and findings of neuroscience must be applied to develop smart classroom of knowledge transfer in school system

Learning mechanism of brain is important for the knowledge transfer of school system. Research has been carried out in neuroscience to know the learning parts of brain but facts and findings have been collected for clinical perspectives. To treat mental and behavioral disorders is targeted in research work but no brain theory for book to brain knowledge transfer has been put forward for the advancement of school system.

Highlights :

  • Applied neuroscience and its findings for academic perspectives
  • Student’s brain and strong learning potentials
  • Dorsal and ventral brain roots of knowledge transfer
  • Basic parts of human brain to deal with learning mechanism

Human brain has the functional fundamental modalities of knowledge transfer such as learnogram, zeidgram, cyclozeid, learnograph and zeidgraph. Input and output processings are significant to smart learning in the working mechanism of brain. Learnogram of knowledge transfer runs in the association area of sensory cortex which is dorsal or posterior root of input processor. Association area of motor cortex provides the output processing of brain learning known as the zeidgram of knowledge transfer.

Whole education from school to university can be completed within 15 years’ time span using the brainpage theory of knowledge transfer.

We know that sensory cortex is the posterior root of knowledge transfer that conducts the input processing of learning mechanism. Once sensory information has entered into the cerebral cortex of brain, the learnogram of association areas starts the processing and analyzing of this information. Sensory information is combined and evaluated to be projected in the subcortical regions of brain. Then it is processed with definition spectrum and compared to prior experiences to provide the brain with an accurate picture of knowledge transfer.

Frontal lobes of brain describe motor cortex in general and this is the center of output processing considered as anterior roots of knowledge transfer. Zeidgram of its association areas also works to develop the plans of action that are sent to the brain’s motor regions to observe behavioral changes in the body through muscles or glands. Association areas are also important to create the zeidgram of our thoughts, plans and personality.

Teaching theories of education prescribed for knowledge transfer in school system

Input system of brain mechanism is responsible for the knowledge transfer of school chapters. Visual perception is advanced for smart learning and it produces strong memory in learning mechanism. It has been believed that inputs from different sensory organs are processed in the different areas of brain. Modulation of space, object and time within and among these specialized areas of the brain is known as the functional integration of knowledge transfer.

It is described in neuroscience that these different regions of the brain may not be solely responsible for only one sensory modality. But it could use multiple inputs to perceive what the body receives about its learning transfer. Multi-sensory integration is necessary for almost every activity that students perform during learning process. This combination of multiple sensory inputs is essential for school children to comprehend and consolidate the knowledge transfer of classroom.

Input processing of brain is activated by the sensory information of knowledge transfer and then the learning goes to association cortex for integrated composite transformation. This is the learnogram of knowledge transfer running in the posterior root of brain to develop the matrix and spectrum of subject matter.

Cognitive, limbic and motor loops of basal ganglia are important for the rehearsal of knowledge transfer. Cyclozeid is high speed learning machine which runs in the three circuits of basal ganglia to converge all types of learning into corresponding motor knowledge. It brings significant changes in attitude, behavior and thought. Amygdala projects learning drives in the working mechanism of brain and student’s chapter learnograph is modulated and consolidated in the hippocampal formation of medial temporal lobe.

Obviously, basal ganglia, diencephalon, cingulate cortex, hippocampal formation and amygdala are the five basic regions of subcortical brain included under the amygdala system of brain learnography.

In this way, two of the modalities such as cyclozeid and learnograph are projected in the amygdala system of brain. The ultimate transfer of knowledge occurs in the lateral posterior regions of cerebellum where refined motor knowledge is stored with space, object, time, instance and module. This is defined as the zeidgraph of knowledge transfer consolidated in cerebellar folia for the future events of life. That is why cerebellum contains large number of neurons more than half of the total neurons in brain.

Home : Learnography

Resources :

  • Posterior roots of cerebral cortex for the learning mechanism of brain
  • Anterior roots of knowledge transfer in cerebral cortex
  • Brainpage theory of learnogram and zeidgram
  • Basal ganglia as the cyclozeid of knowledge transfer
  • Research work of neuroscience for clinical perspectives

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal

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Learning circuit of knowledge transfer is activated by the amygdala system of human brain

Techniques, speed, format and quality of the working brain are very important to achieve success in the learning mechanism of knowledge chapters. We know that learning is the knowledge transfer of subject matter. In school system, teaching performance runs on motivational techniques and high motivation stops the learning functions of amygdala system. Query matrix of knowledge set projects techniques to the prefrontal cortex of brain and speed is attained from the brainpage of definition spectrum. Format is evident in work performance and it is delivered by the application of task formator.

Prefrontal cortex is a part of the brain located at the front of frontal lobe. It is implicated in a variety of complex behaviors including planning and greatly contributes to personality development. Ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) is connected to ventral tegmental area, amygdala, temporal lobe, olfactory system and dorsomedial thalamus to receive input information for cognitive processing.

Amygdala system of brain must be rationalized in the learning process of school system, but it does not happen in the teaching theories of knowledge transfer. Ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) plays a vital role in the rationalization of amygdala system to inhibit harmful activities.

Executive functions, judgment, planning and high order functions are processed in prefrontal cortex. It also sends signals to many different brain regions including temporal lobe, amygdala, lateral hypothalamus, hippocampal formation, cingulate cortex and other regions of the prefrontal cortex. This huge network of connections affords ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) the ability to receive and monitor large amounts of sensory data and to affect and influence the projections of other brain regions, particularly the amygdala.

Amygdala plays a significant role in instigating the emotional reactions associated with anger and violence. With the vmPFC’s outputs to the amygdala, the vmPFC plays a part in preventing such behavior. Evidence has shown that impulsive criminals have decreased activity in prefrontal cortex and increased activity in subcortical areas such as the amygdala.

Brainpage theory of knowledge transfer is significant to increase functional activities in the regions of prefrontal cortex. The imbalance of amygdala with cortical areas can enhance actions that are created by negative emotions and limit the ability of prefrontal cortex to control these harmful emotions. Lower activation in the prefrontal cortex is also correlated with anti-social behavior. The dysfunction of ventromedial prefrontal cortex seems to be caused by lower levels of serotonin release.

How did Henry Molaison lose the ability of memory formation and why did he spend rest of his life in parmanent present tense?

In 1953, Henry Molaison underwent surgical removal of portions of the medial temporal lobes. Anterior hippocampus and surrounding regions were removed in an attempt to cure his epileptic seizures. Following the lobotomy surgery, his cognitive functions were mostly intact but he lost the ability to create new memories for facts and events, a condition known as anterograde amnesia. Such amnesia is typical in disorders that involve hippocampal dysfunction. In Alzheimer disease, hippocampus undergoes massive cell loss which is associated with memory deficits that manifest in early stages of the disease.

Why do London taxi drivers have the large volume of gray matter in posterior hippocampus in comparison to anterior region?

London cab drivers have the large volume of gray matter in posterior hippocampus and less gray matter in anterior hippocampus. It is fact that the knowledge of pathway navigation is related to the survival factors of life according to evolutionary perspective.

London taxi drivers are significantly more knowledgeable about the landmarks of pathway navigation and their spatial relationships. It is required to pass the tests of taxi driving license and so they practice heavily to consolidate the learning and spatial memory of pathways navigational motor knowledge. We know that anterior hippocampus is responsible for emotional, cognitive and associative processing. So, these drivers are observed weak in analytical reasoning, cognitive applications, academic knowledge and rational thoughts.

Stress and depression are associated with a loss of ability to generate new cells in the dentate gyrus. Hippocampus also shows loss of dendritic spines and reduced dendritic branching throughout its anatomical structure. In fact, hippocampal dysfunction is implicated in schizophrenia and associated disorders. It suggests that the hippocampal region of subcortical brain is particularly vulnerable to neuropsychiatric disease. Individuals who survive a hypoxic episode such as temporary deprivation of oxygen in brain often sustain hippocampal damage and anterograde amnesia.

Anterior hippocampus is connected to amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex and is thought to be involved principally in the regulation of emotion and stress. The posterior hippocampus is preferentially connected to the retrosplenial and posterior parietal cortices and is thought to be involved principally in cognitive and spatial processing.

The hippocampus of brain which is located in the medial region of temporal lobe forms the part of limbic system. It is particularly important in regulating emotional responses. Hippocampus is thought to be principally involved in storing long term memories and in making those memories resistant to learning and working. It is also thought to play an important role in spatial processing and pathway navigation.

School shooting is the evidence of education failing in the knowledge transfer of school system. It happens when there is diminished volume of the gray matter particularly in the areas of ventromedial prefrontal cortex and orbitofrontal cortex and so amygdala system of the brain is not rationalized in learning process. It is remarkable that school shooter is a student or former student. We have to change the teaching theories of school system in which amygdala system will be rationalized and students may secure highly developed prefrontal cortex in knowledge transfer.

School 2020 is the brainpage school of learnography. Academic knowledge is changed into emotional knowledge and then it is transformed into motor knowledge of performance. School 2020 is the brainpage school of knowledge transfer in which teaching is not necessary and homework is not required. Everything is finished in classroom. You can find the techniques, speed and format of work performance in the cerebellar learnography of human brain. This is the smart learning of knowledge transfer in which highly developed prefrontal cortex can be obtained during the learning process of classroom situations.

Picture : Sagittal section of human brain showing cerebral cortex, cerebellum, brainstem, hippocampus, uncus, amygdala, fornix, thalamus, hypothalamus and mammillary bodies

Home : Learnography

Resources :

  • Rationalization of amygdala system
  • Incidence of school shooting
  • Prefrontal cortex and cognitive development
  • Henry Molaison and anterograde amnesia
  • London taxi drivers and posterior hippocampus

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal

Amygdala system of brain projects first dimension of knowledge transfer in school performance

Success of academic performance depends upon the efficiency of knowledge transfer held in school system to provide quality learning for students. Subject matter is written in source book and it is transferred to brain through the process of brainpage modulation. Learning drives are needed in classroom to know the subject matter of prescribed chapters. In fact, learning initiative plays a critical role in the knowledge transfer of classroom, triggered by the amygdala system of brain.

Hippocampus of brain is primarily involved in learning and memory, while amygdala is primarily responsible for emotional processing. It is important to knowledge transfer that how sensory information gets to the brain and how motor knowledge can travel to the muscles of body parts for smart learning, precise writing and hard working. Together these two systems allow us to detect and respond to the learning of subject matter. But how do students engage with that knowledge transfer? How do they determine what is important for fast learning?

All types of knowledge transfer ultimately converted into the motor knowledge of cerebellar learnography

These are some basic queries of classroom performance in which learning will be secured and complete in school hours. Student’s activities must be focused to master the subject matter of chapter using the learning dimensions of brain. So, how do they conduct knowledge transfer in classroom situations? These higher cortical functions involve the complex circuits of amygdala system between neurotransmitters and hormones throughout the entire nervous system of learning mechanism. There are two main anatomical substrates of human brain like amygdala and anterior hippocampus that influence the learning process of students for the smart brainpage of knowledge chapters.

Amygdala describes the basic emotions of working mechanism and plays a vital part in the learning of survival factors such as life threats, food aroma, secured shelter, pathways navigation and reproductive drives. This is the core part of limbic system that decides the actions of physical body for the survival aspects of life in the particular field of surroundings. Amygdala, hippocampus, hypothalamus and other accessory nuclei form the amygdala system of brain that deals with the survival functions of life.

Learnogram of book to brain knowledge transfer runs in the association areas of cerebral cortex

Learning mechanism of brain is crucial to facilitate brainpage making process in the modulation of school chapters. Amygdala with anterior hippocampus plays a critical role in the knowledge transfer of school system. Amygdala system of brain deals with the three transfer circuits of cerebral cortex. Sensory cortex is considered as the input processor of knowledge transfer while the output processor of transfer circuit is defined in motor cortex and other frontal regions. Temporal lobe provides the circuit of knowledge processor.

Posterior to central sulcus is the region of input processor and this is also known as sensory inputs of information. Anterior to central sulcus is the region of output processor where higher order cortical function runs to rationalize the transfer of knowledge chapters by applying the modulation of motor knowledge.

The knowledge processor of information is located in temporal region of brain, inferior to lateral sulcus. Amygdala and hippocampus are found in medial temporal lobe and they act as the knowledge processor of learning mechanism. We know that hippocampus is the part of diencephalon and amygdala comes under the limbic system of brain. Temporal knowledge processor is the structure of interpretation and understanding that supports the many higher cortical functions of knowledge transfer.

Why is amygdala encapsulated in the uncus of medial temporal lobe?

Uncus is a hook shaped part located near the front of temporal lobe which is concerned with the senses of smell and taste. This is the anterior hooked extremity of parahippocampal gyrus on the basomedial surface of temporal lobe. The anterior face of uncus corresponds to the olfactory cortex and its ventral surface to entorhinal area. It is remarkable that deep to uncus lies the amygdala which has direct projections from the senses of smell and taste.

Food aroma is perceived by the senses of smell and taste which is vital to the survival of living organisms. First of all, olfactory sense developed during evolution to detect food aroma in the environment. Therefore, amygdala is very old part of the nervous system that regulates vital functions for the survival of life. So, it also plays critical roles in learning mechanism and information processing.

Amoeba is an unicellular animal and it has no sense organs. But it can detect food aroma in the surroundings for feeding. Amoeba eats tiny plants and animals present in pond water where it lives. It takes in food by extending finger like structures called pseudopodia from any part of its body. When a food particle comes near the amoeba, it produces two pseudopodia around the food particle and surrounds it. These pseudopodia then join around food particle and trap it in a food vacuole with a little water. So, the basic functions of amygdala system can be observed also in the feeding process of unicellular amoeba.

In human brain, amygdala is also connected with prefrontal cortex, an area involved with higher intellectual functions and receives sensory inputs from it all the time. But this is not a part of the conscious brain for thinking and reasoning. It does not think through images or situations in logical ways. Instead, amygdala is a part of the limbic system, an evolutionarily highly conserved area that was well developed in animals before man. This is the important part of brain to deal with loss aversion behavior and project an active vigilance for survival mechanism. It also decides zeid marker for learning efficiency and memory consolidation in the successful transfer of knowledge chapters.

Emotional knowledge is developed by the amygdala system of brain to show gesture, reactance and behavior in working and learning. It can be changed into learning force for cognitive learning and brainpage modulation. So, precise motor knowledge helps in the motivational control of knowledge transfer. The amygdala is an almond shaped structure underlying the uncus and located ventrally to corpus striatum in medial part of the temporal lobe. It also projects reciprocal connections to hypothalamus, basal ganglia and the regions of cerebral cortex. It plays important roles in visceral, endocrine and cognitive functions related to motivational behaviour.

Cerebellum is the miniaturized form of cerebrum in the working mechanism of brain. Motor knowledge is produced in the cerebral cortex of cerebrum. While motor knowledge is rehearsed in basal ganglia and precise motor knowledge develops in cerebellar learnography. Teaching is the performance of motor knowledge in which academic knowledge is transformed into motor knowledge by cerebellar learnography. Rational knowledge is embedded into emotional knowledge, then transformed into motor information for proper action. Amygdala system of student’s brain is hijacked in classroom during cerebellar teaching process and high motivation.

Home : Learnography

Picture : Coronal section of human brain showing inferior lateral ventricles, uncus, amygdala, temporal lobe, frontal lobe and anterior lateral ventricles

Resources :

  • Roles of amygdala and anterior hippocampus in learning mechanism
  • Neuroscience of knowledge transfer
  • Knowledge circuits in the cerebral cortex of human brain
  • Three circuits of knowledge transfer
  • Sensory cortex, motor cortex and knowledge cortex

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal

All types of knowledge transfer ultimately converted into the motor knowledge of cerebellar learnography

Knowledge, understanding, application and higher ability are the four main merits of academic performance. These merits are the modifications of motor knowledge acquired during the academic learning of school courses. It is believed that cognitive ability and rational thoughts develop from the classroom teaching of school system. But the ultimate learning of knowledge chapters is high class motor knowledge that will help to achieve excellence in exams or to get a workplace for good earning job. Learning chapters of mathematics, science, technology and literature all are known as the academic knowledge of students and it should be converted to the motor knowledge of cerebellar learnography for high performance.

Chapters are taught in classroom but quality education is evaluated on the basis of questions asked in exams. Listening of teaching performance can’t transform academic knowledge into the cerebellar motor knowledge of our children to face hard questions with the procedural knowledge of space and time. This is main neurological concept that cognitive, emotional, rational and intuitive chapters are processed and stored separately in the cortical and subcortical parts of brain. But these learning chapters must be converted into the smart brainpage of motor knowledge. We have advanced motor systems in our brain such as motor cortex, basal ganglia and cerebellum.

What parts of human brain are significant to the transformation of academic or cognitive knowledge into corresponding motor knowledge?

Knowledge is motorized in the three parts of brain. Motor cortex of frontal lobe is the first part of brain to translate academic knowledge into motor knowledge. The second part is subcortical basal ganglia where procedural motor knowledge is defined by target, space and navigation. Finally it goes to cerebellum for the modulation of enhanced motor knowledge. Use of tools and fire is a great evidence for the advanced cerebellar learnography of human brain.

This cerebellum of brain is connected with the entire central nervous system through millions of connections. It influences all of our cortical functioning and output. This is the part of hind brain and it has a particular influence on motor functions. Cerebellum receives information about our muscles and joint positions. It also deals with propioceptive information, balance or vestibular information as well as vast connections to and from the cerebral cortex of human brain. This makes cerebellum the coordinator and predictor of cortical output. It is responsible for the sort of quality control and constant error correction.

What is the neurological theme of cerebellar learnography for knowledge transfer?

Cerebellum translates relative motor knowledge into corresponding academic or cognitive knowledge to demonstrate the working mechanism of brain. It also helps us to coordinate our thoughts in much the same way it helps us to coordinate our movements. Knowledge of mathematics, science and technology is transformed into motor knowledge during learning process. Knowledge of machine learning also comes from the enhancement of motor knowledge.

In fact, cerebellar learnography helps to decrease the academic period of knowledge transfer. Learning efficiency also improves by the working mechanism of cerebellar learnography. I have watched many international speakers who deliver the lecture by exhibiting body language and hand gesture. It’s amazing that speaker’s lips speak, fingers speak, eyes speak, face reflects emotional translation and neck muscles describe specific ideas during performance. This is a salient evidence that cerebellum circuit translates motor knowledge into related subject matter to show the learnography of the speaker’s thoughts and ideas.

The cerebellum of brain does not initiate movement but contributes to coordination, precision and accurate timing. It receives input from sensory systems of the spinal cord and from other parts of the brain and integrates these inputs to fine-tuned motor activity. In humans, cerebellum plays an important role in motor control and it may also be involved in some cognitive and rational functions such as attention, prediction and language. Emotion is coordinated in regulating fear and pleasure responses but its movement related functions have been well established because of motor knowledge processing.

How can we increase the learning efficiency of knowledge chapters in classroom performance?

Cerebellum is a structure of hind brain that usually contains about half of the brain’s total neurons. Jonathan was born without cerebellum and he was suffering from many learning disorders. This exceedingly rare condition has left him with a distinctive way of speaking and a walk that is slightly awkward. For the first few years of childhood, the learning milestones of motor knowledge were late and his future looked highly uncertain. Standing up, walking, running and talking all physical abilities were not developed at right time. So Jonathan got special education, speech therapy and also physical therapy. His father even decided some training for walk and managed a sort of beach therapy for Jonathan.

He doesn’t really show initiatives in talking behavior and can’t get into the deeper level of conversation. We know that interactive attitude requires cognitive ability that builds strong connection which is necessary for deep enduring friendships. Once Jonathan faced a great problem when he was driving a car. There was a bus behind him, cars whizzing by and his brain simply couldn’t coordinate all the information. So, he totaled his father’s car and got a reminder of this at a busy intersection soon after he got his driver’s license. It is fact that he was lack of cerebellum and motor knowledge was not translated into rational knowledge to handle the critical situations of road traffic and car driving.

A woman in China was also found that she was born with no cerebellum. She apparently started walking late at age of seven years. She walks unsteadily as an adult and has slurred speech. It’s amazing that she is able to walk and talk at all. She is fully oriented and married with a daughter. There was mild intellectual impairment on her behavior but word comprehension was normal and she had a normal sense of time and place.

How can we decrease the total time of whole educational span for our children?

Fast learning is impossible without cerebellar learnography because brainpage making process might retard in the absence of motor translation. Jonathan and this woman both started walking and talking late by five years. It means that learning efficiency depends on cerebellar learnography. We can also reduce the total academic period of complete education by five years if cerebellar learnography is launched successfully in the classroom. In this way, the learning efficiency of students and total period of school and university education can be managed effectively by enhancing the motor knowledge and brainpage theory of knowledge transfer.

Picture : Sagittal section of human brain showing cerebral cortex, thalamus, brainstem and cerebellum

Home : Learnography

Resources :

  • Anatomy of brainstem and cerebellar connections with cerebral cortex
  • Transformation of motor knowledge
  • Knowledge transfer and cerebellar learnography
  • Brain with no cerebellum : Case studies of Jonathan Keleher and Chinese Woman
  • Posterior lateral lobes of cerebellum

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal

Learnogram of book to brain knowledge transfer runs in the association areas of cerebral cortex

Why do we ask questions? Which part of our brain involves in asking questions? How is quality learning evaluated in school exams? The interrogation of brain mechanism using these words such as where, what, when, how and why is extensively practiced to know the informative details of facts, events and rational knowledge. We find the knowledge aspect of space, object, time, instance and module (SOTIM) from these interrogative words. In fact, SOTIM describes the working mechanism of our brain in classroom learning as well as at working place. We spend a lot of time in our life to know the happening of surroundings using the techniques of interrogation.

Why is question asking important for learning, working and living?

We know that visual memory is the strongest memory of all in comparison to auditory, touch, taste and smell memories. This is the evolutionary cause of brain anatomical structure. Visual image received from the eyes is processed in the primary visual cortex of brain and then projected to its association areas. Dorsal visual stream goes to parietal region to find the space and instance imaging of where and how questions. In the same way, ventral visual stream travels towards temporal region to know the object imaging of what question. It is remarkable to the working mechanism of brain. The questions of what, where and how are generated and processed in the association cortices of our brain.

What part of brain plays a vital role in knowledge transfer to achieve high academic performance in school system?

Association areas are the parts of cerebral cortex that do not belong to the primary cortical regions of brain. They function to produce meaningful perceptual experience of the world, enable us to interact effectively and support abstract thinking and language. Parietal, temporal and occipital lobes are located in the posterior part of cerebral cortex. They integrate sensory projections and information stored in memory. The association complex of frontal lobe is involved in planning actions, movement and abstract thought.

The cerebral cortex of human brain is divided into sensory, motor and association areas. Sensory areas receive sensory inputs from our sense organs and propio-receptors, while motor areas control the movement of body muscles. Association areas are involved with more complex functions such as learning, decision making and complex movements such as writing. Globally, the association areas of brain are organized as the distributed networks of working mechanism.

The 95% area of cerebral cortex is occupied by association cortices, highly convoluted with furrows and ridges. These structures like furrows and ridges are known as sulci and gyri in neuroscience. Each network of association cortex connects to the areas distributed across the widely spaced regions of cerebral cortex. Distinct networks are positioned adjacent to one another yielding a complex series of interwoven networks. The specific organization of association networks constitutes the mechanism of learnogram for interaction, hierarchical relationship, and transfer of projections between networks. In human beings, association networks are particularly important to launch learnogram for learning functions and knowledge transfer.

A question generates the matrix of knowledge chapter in the learning mechanism of human brain.

Question asking is the sensory inputs of human brain and its information is collected in sense organs for processing and understanding. Parts of the cortex that receive sensory inputs from thalamus are called primary sensory areas. Each of the five senses relates to specific groups of brain cells that categorize and integrate sensory information. The sensory areas of cerebral cortex are the areas of brain that receive and process sensory information.

Cerebral cortex is connected to various subcortical structures such as thalamus, amygdala, hippocampus and basal ganglia. Sensory information is routed to cerebral cortex through the nuclei of thalamus. However, the olfactory information of smell projects to olfactory cortex through the olfactory bulb bypassing thalamus. Cerebral cortex is basically composed of three parts such as sensory, motor and association areas.

Primary motor and sensory cortical areas receive inputs from the regions of thalamus where information is projected from sense organs such as eyes, ears or skin. In contrast, association cortex receives its inputs from the nuclei of thalamus that received their inputs from other regions of the cortex. As a result, the inputs to association cortex have been highly processed, modulated and integrated before they are projected to thalamus.

Association cortices include most of the cerebral surface of human brain and are largely responsible for the complex processing of knowledge transfer. The main function of association cortices is referred to cognitive development that reflects the process of learnogram by which we come to know the objects, facts and events of the world. Cognition is the ability to perceive external stimuli or internal motivation, to identify the significance of such stimuli and to plan meaningful responses to them. Association cortices receive and integrate information from a variety of sources by influencing a broad range of cortical and subcortical targets.

Human brain is unique in the development of gyri and sulci in the association areas of cerebral cortex. The association cortex of human brain is main part to produce the learnogram of knowledge transfer in school learnography. In traditional school system, teaching performance is the conventional method of knowledge transfer. Although human brain has well-developed learnogram of association cortex to make smart brainpage in learning process, our children have to rely on the teaching theories of subject chapters for knowledge transfer.

Most of the time is spent on teaching activities in school system and students don’t get time to modulate the essential brainpage of subject matter. Transformation of knowledge is necessary in the learning process of classroom. All types of knowledge such as rational, emotional, cognitive, academic as well as intuitive are finally converted into motor knowledge to write and enhance the brainpage of cerebellar learnography. The translation of motor knowledge is reciprocal in executive functions and it is projected back to emotional, cognitive, academic and intuitive knowledge if found necessary in the learnogram of association areas.

Home : Learnography

Picture : cerebral cortex of human brain showing frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital lobes

Resources :

  • Association areas of cerebral cortex
  • Functions of zeidstream in basal ganglia
  • Matrix and spectrum of knowledge chapter
  • Dorsal and ventral streams of visual cortex
  • SOTIM Factors and Workplace Processing

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal

Cyclozeid of knowledge transfer launched in the basal ganglia of human brain

Knowledge transfer is vital in school system and parents send their children to school for learning, memory and behavioral changes. Knowledge is transferred from book to brain and it is accomplished by the learnography of brain regions. Deep learning is localized to the subcortical parts of brain in which basal ganglia are crucial to the processing of emotional knowledge, cognitive knowledge and motor knowledge. In school education, teaching performance is the dark aspect of learning system in which the working circuits of basal ganglia are never applied in classroom for book to brain knowledge transfer.

Cyclozeid is learning machine and it is launched by subthalamic nucleus and processed in basal ganglia. These three types of knowledge are converged, filtered and refined into the composite zeidgraph of behavioral motor output.

Deep in the forebrain is a group of nuclei that integrates all cortical activities into one behavioral output. These are the basal ganglia of subcortical brain. These deep nuclei are interconnected with each other and with all areas of central nervous system. A series of parallel circuits regulates the different aspects of learning, memory and behaviour.

Three basic loops of basal ganglia :

  • Limbic loop (Emotional knowledge)
  • Cognitive loop (Rational knowledge)
  • Motor loop (Finger knowledge)

One circuit of basal ganglia primarily regulates the emotional aspect of knowledge transfer. Another circuit plays a major role in learning and cognition. Finally, a third circuit is involved in the integration of motor knowledge output.

Learnography of knowledge chapters always reflects the reactance of learning, understanding and memory by the expression of postures, body language and specific tone of voice. The sum of all experiences, hours of practice, memory, emotions, reward seeking and the plan for a particular knowledge transfer are integrated, resulting in motor finger mapping output due to coordinated activity within the basal ganglia of brain. These structures work together to influence the learning, writing and working aspects of human behavior.

In limbic circuit, hippocampus, amygdala and limbic lobe are linked to the caudate nucleus of basal ganglia. Then projection goes to nucleus accumbens and with dopaminergic connections reaches the thalamus of diencephalon through direct and indirect pathways. Here it is analyzed that which zeidstream of projections is facilitated or inhibited in limbic circuit. Thalamus again sends this projection back to the limbic areas of cortex. This circuit adds emotional component to the behavior and learnogram of cortical output from cognitive activities to motor performance.

In cognitive circuit, the afferent nerves from various cortical areas reach the caudate nucleus of basal ganglia and in particular nucleus accumbens which contains reward affirming dopaminergic connections. These connections provide the reward feeling of knowledge transfer following the successful completion of task formatting. From nucleus accumbens and caudate, zeid projections reach the thalamus of diencephalon through direct and indirect pathways. In turn, the thalamus projects zeidstream back to the cortical areas of brain. This circuit of cognitive loop is considered as a consulting service that streamlines cognitive and associative processes by separating the solver of successful transfer from wrong solutions during brainpage making process. In fact, learning from mistakes is conducted in the cognitive loop of basal ganglia.

Examination is the evaluation of motor knowledge. Blackboard performance is the presentation of motor knowledge. In school learnography, the rehearsal of brainpage making process returns the development of motor knowledge.

In motor circuit, afferent nerves from the motor and sensory areas of cerebral cortex reach the putamen of basal ganglia. Here, the zeidstream of finger mapping information is processed for knowledge transfer. All movements that are part of the integrated plan are facilitated through direct pathway and all competing movements are inhibited through indirect pathway. The zeidstream of motor circuit that reaches thalamus is a balanced neural stream of these pathways. Thalamus is the core part of diencephalon and it sends zeid projections back to motor cortex and prefrontal cortex resulting in measured and coordinated behavioral output. This is known as the motor loop of subcortical cyclozeid running in basal ganglia.

Zeidstream is defined as the learning stream of brain. It regulates the neural stream of knowledge transfer running in the limbic, cognitive and motor circuits of basal ganglia.

Limbic circuit links basal ganglia to the subcortical areas of brain that process the emotional activities of brainpage module. Posture, gesture and expression related to different emotions are mediated by the zeidstream of limbic circuit to show the responses of understanding and feeling. We can rationalize the amygdala system of of brain though the practice of brainpage theory. The motor expression of emotions is evident in knowledge transfer.

Training circuit of basal ganglia is needed in the brainpage modulation of knowledge chapters. Cognitive or association loop is particularly important for higher cortical functions and motor learning. There may be different possibilities to learn a chapter in classroom. Rehearsing is a good way to select proper methods for predefined target. So, we have to try out different strategies such as matrix, spectrum, task formator and learning compass for accomplishing the smart brainpage of knowledge transfer.

Once we refine learning by rehearsing our brainpage, the activities in cognitive loop will decrease and motor loop will take over to enhance the quality of knowledge transfer. We know that cognitive loop remains active in the hours of training and rehearsing. Brainpage making process is the training of knowledge transfer to achieve high academic performance in school system. Therefore, the cognitive loop is the training or rehearsing loop of basal ganglia for the development of smart brainpage.

The goal of knowledge transfer is that it would be fluid, efficient and target query oriented while learning and writing solutions in classroom. Motor association and sensory cortices project their input to basal ganglia, essentially asking them to make a decision of whether or not to execute this modulation. Then the plan of brainpage making process is streamlined for better performance. One pathway of basal ganglia can facilitate goal oriented modulation, while another one will suppress all competing movements. This results in the motor output of knowledge transfer that is sleek and appears effortless in learning, understanding and working.

Seven dimensions of learnography are effective in brainpage theory of book to brain knowledge transfer.

The high speed zeidstream of motor loop is active primarily when a task has been well learned together with the association areas of cortex. It helps to put together a routine of chapter learning for established motor output of knowledge transfer. This is the circuit that is active in the students of smart brainpage to perform a well rehearsed fluid chapter.

Putamen and globus pallidus are located underneath the insula of subcortical region. The putamen together with caudate nucleus is called striatum and this is the main input of basal ganglia. Behind these nuclei, the fibers of corona radiata are converged to form internal capsule. There are two additional structures such as substantia nigra and subthalamic nucleus that play an important role in the circuitry of basal ganglia.

Finally, the zeidgraph of basal ganglia is projected to cerebellum to develop the learnographs of cerebellar knowledge transfer and improve the efficiency of learning mechanism.

Substantia nigra is located in the cerebral peduncles of mid-brain. It contains dopaminergic neurons which project to putamen and caudate nucleus to influence motor output. Additionally, dopamine released from substantia nigra facilitates cortical output and feelings of reward. Subthalamic nucleus is located inferior to thalamus laterally. The output rhythm of basal ganglia circuitry is defined by the functions of subthalamic nucleus, related to the functions of cyclozeid.

Basal ganglia collectively describe a group of nuclei in the subcortical region of brain that are located deep beneath the cerebral cortex. The main functional components of basal ganglia are striatum, globus pallidus, ventral pallidum, substantia nigra and subthalamic nucleus. Dorsal striatum contains putamen and caudate nucleus while ventral striatum is formed by nucleus accumbens and olfactory tubercle.

Basal ganglia are specialized in processing information on brainpage modulation and in fine-tuning the activity of brain circuits that determine the best possible response to a given situation. Thus, they play an important role in planning actions that are required to achieve a particular goal, in executing well-practiced habitual actions, and in learning new knowledge in classroom situations.

Home : Learnography

Picture : Corona section of human brain showing lateral ventricles, thalamus, internal capsule and basal ganglia

Resources :

  • Subcortical region of brain and cyclozeid localization
  • Study of basal ganglia – Wikipedia
  • Dr Claudia Krebs : UBC Video, Three major circuits of basal ganglia
  • Role of substantia nigra in learning mechanism
  • Basal ganglia and school learnography

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal

Largest part of brain is cerebrum that launches learnogram of knowledge chapters

Learnogram of human brain is more advanced working mechanism for book to brain knowledge transfer. The largest part of brain is cerebrum, known as the forebrain of central nervous system. There are three basic parts of cerebral learnogram – differential sensory learnogram, executive motor learnogram and integral temporal learnogram. In fact, the working mechanism of brain is responsible to transfer knowledge in school system. So, brain learnography must be made everything in classroom operation instead of teaching performance.

Cerebrum is divided longitudinally into left and right hemispheres by deep median fissure called cerebral fissure. These two hemispheres are connected through a horizontal sheet of nerve fibers known as corpus callosum. Each hemisphere is further divided into frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital lobes by three deep fissures known as central, parieto-occipital and lateral fissures.

Central fissure is also known as central sulcus which is important for the study of learnogram. The central sulcus separates the frontal lobe from parietal lobe and also separates primary motor cortex anteriorly from the primary somatosensory cortex posteriorly. Therfore, the motor learnogram of knowledge transfer runs in the frontal lobes of cerebral cortex anterior to central sulcus. But the sensory learnogram of knowledge transfer is processed in parietal lobes and visual cortex posterior to central sulcus.

Lateral fissure separates temporal lobe from frontal and parietal lobes. Temporal learnogram is the integral part of sensory and motor learnograms. The motor and sensory areas of brain are the main aspects of human learnogram where book to brain knowledge transfer is processed for the purpose of educational performance.

Motor learnogram deals with the functions of executive, planning, judgment and decision, so this is executive motor learnogram. Sensory learnogram receives input from different sensory systems to modulate the differential stimulus and perception of learning mechanism. Therefore, it is considered as differential sensory learnogram. These two learnograms are transmitted to temporal region where learning is modulated for the integration of knowledge transfer. This is known as integrated temporal learnogram.

Cerebral cortex is important for the cortical learning of knowledge chapters, but rehearsed practice runs in subcortical learning. We know that learning from mistakes should not be ignored. Temporal lobe plays significant roles to send the transmission of knowledge transfer in the subcortical region of brain. Here, runs cyclozeid for the rehearsal of smooth consolidated learning.

In fact, we have very large cerebrum in our brain and this is the most advanced aspect of human evolution. The learnogram of knowledge chapters is initialized in the different parts of cerebral cortex and it is processed as the cortical learning of knowledge chapters. Learnogram is not achieved from the teaching performance of classroom.

Home : Learnography

Resources :

  • Central sulcus and lateral fissure of human brain
  • Cortical and subcortical learning
  • Knowledge transfer in school system
  • Learning mechanism of brain
  • Teaching performance of classroom

Shiva Narayan Jha
Principal
Golden Star Secondary School
Rajbiraj, Nepal